Eco-design: EU Tightens Rules For LED Lighting

The first stage of a new EU regulation to take effect on September 1, 2013, which finally sets detailed rules on eco-friendliness, quality and labelling for almost all LED lamps and luminaires. So far, such requirements were only for a part of the round brilliant “Retrofit”lamps. Those were not affected with bundled light and lights with integrated LEDs.
The new regulation also applies to them as of September 1, 2013: A 12-volt “MasterLED”-spot lamp from Philips.
The rapid changes of the lighting from the filament principle to the current, low power semiconductor technology is similar to an evolutionary leap from the abacus to the 386 Intel processor as calculators – at least. The compact fluorescent lamp is not more than a “bridging technology” similar to the calculator and by far not as complex as the generation of usable light by LED chips in this comparison.
Logically, that overwhelmed many of the lightning fast LED / OLED development: consumers who can not overlook the offer or even remotely assess, manufacturer, that right will be overtaken by their own product cycles, importers who buy a shoddy merchandise and distribute, wholesalers who do not quickly enough can deliver new products and sit on already outdated, deprive many important details of the offered LED bulbs retailers and retailers who can distinguish between “good” and “bad”, and your customers.
As unpopular as it may be, but here the market needs clear rules in the interest of consumers. In terms of “Lighting” the EU bureaucracy is responsible in Europe, but she also inevitably lags behind the development. Although there are almost four years EC Regulation No. 244/2009 the EU Commission in Brussels “to the implementation of Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the establishment of requirements for eco-design of non-directional household lamps”. She was, however, extremely incomplete and still had a big part of the LED market unregulated.

Pre Christmas surprise

With salami tactics so after additional regulations, directives and supplementary provisions had produced – for example, one to the labelling of lamps and luminaires. You access to 1 September 2013, was praised by me in October as a step in the right direction, but again not comprehensive enough criticised as:
My enthusiasm is still within limits, long not including the specified mandatory by many other important values in all kinds of LED lamps and lighting fixtures is: “Color temperature”, “CRI”, “life”, “switching resistance”and “Dimming” – in spots and spotlights in addition “luminous intensity”and “Angle”. A manufacturer can write everything on its packaging and in advertising, he doesn’t have to but when lights with integrated LED modules and LED-lamps with directional effect. The new EU energy label scheme, but not applies to those in less than a year the older EC Regulation No. 244/2009 with their inadequate guidelines on the publication of performance data.
The pre-Christmas surprise from Brussels came but now in the second week of Advent: on 12 December, the Commission adopted the “Regulation No. 1194/2012 for implementing directive 2009/125/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with a view to the requirements of the eco-design of lamps with bundled light, LED lamps and related equipment” (Download pdf). It is also effective as of September 1, 2013 and addresses almost all my previous EU criticisms – oh miracle!

EU strengthens consumers

Directive 2009/125/EC took care of the requirements of the eco-design (the “eco-design”) of energy related products; the new regulation takes the lighting on 22 pages still times extra to the breast and eliminates many well-known loopholes. Is, for example, the basic considerations:
The eco-design requirements should from users point of view do not affect the function of the product and have no drawbacks for health, safety or environment. In particular the benefits of a reduction of the power consumption of products covered by this regulation should weigh stronger during the operating phase as any additional environmental impact during the production phase. To the satisfaction of consumers with energy saving lamps, especially with LED lamps, to ensure operating requirements not only for lamps should be set non-directional, but also for LED lamps with bundled light, because they were not covered by the requirements on the operating characteristics of Regulation (EC) No. 244/2009 of the Commission. Requirements for the product information should enable consumers to make informed decisions.
LED lights, where the removal of a LED lamp or LED module for independent testing is not possible, should open the LED manufacturers unable to evade the requirements of this regulation.
Some sentences can be read as if the author had read the one or other blog post here and drawn the conclusions from this. I know that’s reverie, but as a result, it works: “Scope” is, for example, this blessed and logical genre:
Eco-design requirements be set in this regulation that apply to the placing on the market of the following electrical light sources:
bundled a) lamps;
(b) light-emitting diode lamps (LEDs);
(c) devices, which are designed for installation between the network and the lamps, including ballasts for lamps, control units and lights (with the exception of luminaires for fluorescent lamps and high intensity discharge lamps and ballasts), even if they are incorporated into other products.
In addition, requirements to the product information for special products are set in the regulation.
LED modules are excluded from the requirements of this regulation if they are marketed as a part of lights, of which less than 200 units per year in traffic are brought.

Now also comparison table for spots

Affected, so pretty much everything lights up with LEDs and is produced as standard, is also such outdoor spotlight with integrated, non-replaceable LED modules:
1426 lumen luminous flux from 18 Watt: the new LED outdoor Spotlight “XLED home 3″ by STEINEL falls also under the new EU regulation.” Therefore, the previous officialequating with a 300-Watt halogen lamps (5000 lumen) will be no longer allowed from September 1, 2013. (Photo: STEINEL-PR)
There is also table (No. 6) for uniform comparison of LED spots with conventional spotlights (for larger image simply click on it) in the regulation of 1194 / 2012 finally a Watt – / reference luminous flux (lumens per 90 degree beam angle):
In addition, the Commission provides a table (No. 7) to take account of luminous flux loss until the end of the nominal service life, which is LED lamps distributed mostly in 20 to 30 percent:
Pays off so this formula: 30% loss of LLMF of 0,7 1 minus 0.7 = 0.3; multiplied by 0.5 (i.e. half) 0.15 comes ‘ out. The correction factor would be in this case 1 + 0.15 = 1.15.The LED replacement for a 50 – watt GU10-/ PAR16 halogen spot should be so in mint condition 300 times 1.15 = 345 lumen have.
And because this is apparently too simple, there is another table (No. 8) to the evaluation of the luminous flux of LED lamps of different “half value angle” (this is the area in which at least half of the maximum luminous intensity emitted):
A similar table above there were lamps – as with the “reference luminous flux” so far in the old EC regulation only for round brilliant “Retrofit”however without correction factors:
But that is not the end: the new Ordinance regulates the quality requirements of LED lamps from the 1 September 2013 or March 1, 2014 – and that in great detail (click to enlarge):
And then we would have the conversion formula for the energy efficiency index (EEI) of lamps with bundled light (rounded to two decimal places):
EEI = ref P cor / P
As this “P cor”– and “P ref”values be determined exactly, is already in the “supplement Regulation No. 874/2012 to the directive 2010/30/EU”, which I reported in detail in October. Is important in this context:

  • The term “Energy-saving lamp” or “any similar product-related promotional statement about lamp efficacy” may be used only according to the new regulation by the manufacturer or dealer, if the energy efficiency index is 0.40 or lower.

This corresponds to in the future EU energy label of the minimum requirement for the rating of “A” lamps with directivity (at around radiant lamps with only EEI 0.24 significantly stricter).

Detailed customer information required

The comprehensive information of the customers is more important than this label. So, this data must be in the future on the lamp or lamp:

  • The value and the unit (“lm”, “K” and “°”) of the nominal effective luminous flux, the colour temperature and nominal half-value angle in a readable font size on the surface if it after the safety-related information (such as performance and voltage) on the lamp there is enough space, without shielding the light emitted by the lamp unduly.
  • The nominal luminous flux of the commercial square, is only for one of the three values to specify. Place, is only for two values are nominal effective luminous flux and colour temperature to specify.

On the packaging – before the purchase must be visible, rather than in the form of text as graphics, graphs and symbols – specified and deployed on freely accessible Internet pages:

  • a), nominal commercial-luminous flux, in a font size that is at least twice as large as the indication of the nominal lamp power.
  • b) rated life of the lamp in hours (not larger than the rated lifetime);
  • (c) color temperature as a value in degrees Kelvin and also in graphic form or in words;
  • (d) number of switching cycles up to a premature failure;
  • (e) time to achieve 60% of full light output (providing immediately “full of luminous flux” is allowed, if this period is shorter than 1 s);
  • (f) a warning, if a light not light power control or is possible only with specific dimmers (light power control devices); in the latter case, a list of compatible dimmer on the website of the manufacturer is to provide;
  • (g) if the lamp for the operation at other than the standard conditions is optimized (E.g. ambient temperature of ≠ 25 ° C or when a special heat control is required), information about these terms and conditions;
  • h) dimensions (length and maximum diameter) in millimetres;
  • i) nominal half value angle in degrees;
  • (j) if the half value angle of the lamp is ≥ 90 ° and their commercial light… to measure current in a cone of 120 ° should a warning stating that the lamp for accent lighting is not suitable;
  • (k) if the lamp base is a standard type, which is used for light bulbs, the dimensions of the lamp however differ from the dimensions of the Glühlampe(n), which replace the lamp to a drawing with a comparative presentation of the dimensions of the lamp and the dimensions of the Glühlampe(n) replaced by them;
  • (l) an indication that the lamp is a lamp type is listed in the first column of table 6, can be only applied if the luminous flux of the lamp in a cone of 90 ° (Φ 90 °) is not less than the reference luminous flux specified in table 6 for the lowest power of the lamps concerned. … LED lamps, he… is multiplied by the correction factor in table 8;
  • (m) the equivalence with the performance of a new type of lamp must only be specified if the lamp type in table 6 is listed, and if the luminous flux of the lamp in a cone of 90 ° is not lower than the corresponding reference luminous flux specified in table 6. … Intermediate values both for the luminous flux and also for the specified equivalent power consumption of the lamp (rounded to the nearest full number of Watts) must be determined by linear interpolation between adjacent values.

More info and reviews

Also according to Regulation with the following information at least as numbers on a freely accessible Internet pages and in others, “the producers of purposefully appearing form” are publicly to provide:

  • Rating power consumption (at 0.1 W exactly),
  • Rated luminous flux commercial,
  • Rated life of the lamp,
  • electric power factor of the lamp,
  • At the end of nominal lifetime, lumen maintenance
  • Ignition time as X, X s,.
  • Colour rendering,
  • Color consistency (only for LED)
  • Rated peak intensity in candela (cd),
  • Rated half value angle,
  • If a corresponding indication, intended for outdoor or industrial applications,
  • spectral radiation distribution in the range 180-800 nanometers.

The new regulation also provides a “market surveillance” with detailed reviews of the products quality problems, to come, trickery and cheeky lies from producers and importers to the bottom. From each series of lamps and luminaires with built-in LEDs at least 20 copies should be – tested from different sources individually and comprehensively on promise of performance, correctness of data, lifetime (including cycles) and extent of the information provided. Large deviations and failure rates, the series considered flunked and the authorities of the EU Member States can prohibit the marketing.

It’s not about without consequences

A large part of the compulsory information referred to in this article is valid since 2009 for round brilliant household lamps – many traders but mostly ignore it. Actually would have just some of my blog posts about LED-special offers in home improvement stores and discount stores must read the Commission, can send to then immediately cease and desist letters or rulings. Interested but apparently no-one so far.
Also the new regulation – with its wealth of targets – is in danger of becoming a toothless tiger, if compliance is not consistently enforced. Unfortunately companies repeatedly are lazy, ignorant or profit, to make their new LED lamps and luminaires of consumer-friendly, and to communicate. At a hammer from Brussels on it should tap ever – in our interest.