Beautiful, well-groomed fingernails are not self-evident. Often small grooves and stains are irritating us. But where do the bumps come from?
Regular nail cutting, nailing and creams is a normal treatment program for those who do not want to do without well-groomed fingernails.In spite of intensive care, however, there are always unsightly discolorations and grooves.We have investigated the causes:
Do not just want your nails to be long because you break or peel off? Then you are probably missing either the appropriate minerals or you overstretch your hands. Too often hand washing or working with cleaning agents dissolves the fine fat layer on nails and skin and leaves them dry. A skin-friendly soap, regular massaging of olive oil and rubber gloves during cleaning immediately provide for improvement. If you want to preserve your nails, you should avoid the nail polish and the nail polish remover for a long time.
Grooves: longitudinal and transverse
If your nails have narrow longitudinal grooves, this is no cause for concern. They are either congenital or part of the normal aging process. Some doctors also consider lack of fluid as a possible cause. However, transverse grooves occur whenever the growth of the nails has been disturbed and the metabolism has become mixed. Behind them can be simple iron or biotin deficiency, or infectious diseases, fever, gastrointestinal, liver or kidney disorders. If the transverse grooves continue to grow, you should consult your dermatologist or internist.
Discoloration of the nails
Contrary to what is supposed, small white spots in the fingernail are not indications of a deficiency phenomenon, but rather small cavities, in which air was trapped between the nail bed and the horny layer. They result in minor injuries to the nail and are completely harmless. Yellow discolouring usually indicates a nail fungus. As this is often persistent, you should have it treated by a dermatologist. In rare cases, however, the yellowish tinge may also be indicative of dysplasia, psoriasis, liver or lung disorders. Bluish discolored nails, on the other hand, often show an oxygen deficiency or circulatory disturbances. In the worst case, cardiac or pulmonary disease causes discoloration.
Watch glass and spoonballs
According to floralaMakeup.com, arched, round fingernails makeup are also known as clock glass nails. They are either congenitally mild, or are caused by genetic heart or lung diseases (eg asthma), which make the supply of oxygen more difficult. Again, a visit to the doctor can create clarity. A spoon-shaped needle describes the opposite case: here, the nail plate is spoon-like in the middle of the nail until only the nail edge points upwards. Such deformation occurs only when the horn substance loses its hardness and softens. This can be caused, on the one hand, by harmful cleaning agents or by strong iron deficiencies and the accompanying blood glut. Also thyroid or metabolic disorders can not be excluded. Thickened, curved nails, which remind a claw, actually bear the name Krallennägel and usually indicate to bleeding disorders.
Nail deformations due to skin diseases
Another cause of the various nail deformations can always be skin diseases such as psoriasis or neurodermatitis.Affected persons usually suffer from soft, brittle nails and the aforementioned transverse grooves or dimples.In these cases the skin disease is first to be treated physically, since this also affects nails.There is no cure-all cure, but the healing process of the skin disease will also improve the substance of the nails.A key here can be special creams, ointments and a nutritional change.