Yoga Free Online Dictionary


Abhimāna: Egotism, identification with the body.

Abhyāsa. Spiritual practice

adhishthana: Substrate.

Adhyasa: superimposition or false attribution of the properties of one thing over another.

ADHIKARI: Qualified Person.

Adhyatmic: Spiritual.

ADVAITA: Non-duality.

Ahaṅkāra. Selfishness

AHIMSA: No harm in thought, word or deed.

Aiśvarya: divine powers.

AMARA. Immortal

AMARA-PURUSHA: Being immortal.

ANAHATA: Mystic sound heard by Yogis.

ANANDA: Beatitude, happiness, joy.

ANTAHKARANA : internal instrument comprising:. the mind, intellect, ego and the subconscious mind

Antaratman: Being internal

Antaryamin. internal Witness

ANUBHAVA: Experience.

APTA: Person done.

ARHATA: a perfect soul.

ASAMPRAJNATA: the superconscious state higher in which the mind is completely annihilated and Reality experienced.

ASANA: a pose or posture.

ASHRAM: a chapel; monastery.

ASHTANGA: Eight parties. (Generally referred to Raja Yoga as Ashtanga Yoga by being divided into eight steps or parts).

ASURIC. Demoniaco

ATMA-Jnana: Knowledge of the Self.

ATMA-SVARUP: The essential nature of the Self.

ATMAN: The Self.

AVADHUTA: A naked wise.

avarana: Veil of ignorance.

Avidya. ignorance

AYURVEDA: the ancient Indian science of medicine.


BENARES: A holy pilgrimage center of Hindus in Uttar Pradesh, India, now called Varanasi.

Bhagawadgita: A scripture containing the teachings of Lord Krishna.

BHAGAVATA: Name of a Purana (sacred work dealing with the doctrines of the creation, etc.)

BHAJAN: Devotional song.

BHAKTA: Devoted to God.

BAKTI: Devotion.

Bharatavarsha: India.

BHAVA (NA): Feeling; mental attitude.

BHAYANAKA-SABDA: A sound that induces fear.

bhogi: The enjoying.

BHUMA: The Unconditioned, the Great Infinite, Brahman.

BHUTA-Siddhi: A psychic power by which the elements are mastered.

BODHISATTVA: A being who, having developed the Awakening mind (a mind that has the aspiration to achieve Buddhahood), devotes his life to the task of achieving Buddhahood for the sake of all sentient beings.

BRAHMA-Chintana: constantly Thinking . Brahman

BRAHMA-JNANA: direct knowledge of Brahman.

BRAHMA-NISHTHA: the one who is established in the knowledge of Brahman.

BRAHMA-SROTRI: he who has knowledge of the Vedas and Upanishads.

BRAHMA-sutras Vedanta classical writing.

BRAHMA-TEXAS: spiritual Halo.

BRAHMA Vidya: The science of Brahman, knowledge of Brahman wisdom regarding Brahman or Absolute Reality.

BRAHMACHARYA: Practice of celibacy. Purity in thought, word and deed.

BRAHMAMUHURTA: Time period from 4 to 6 am

Brahman: The Absolute Reality – God.

Brihadaranyaka. The name of an Upanishad

BUDDHA: One who is totally free from all impurity and understood everything that can be known.

Buddhi: Intellect.


CHAKRAS. Energy centers in the human body

Chāndogya: The name of a Upanishad.

CHELA: Follower.

CHIRANJIVI: One who has gained eternal life.

CHITTA: Subconscious mind,


DAIVIC: Divine. DAMA: Control of the senses.

Darshan. Vision

DAYA. Mercy

DEHA: Body. DEVAS: Celestial Beings.

Dharana: Concentration.

DHARMA: Correct way of living as mandated Scripture. Virtue.

DHYANA: Meditation.

DIVYA-DRISHTI: Divine Perception.

DVESHA: Repulsion; hate; aversion.


EKADASI: Eleventh day of the Hindu lunar fortnight.



GANGA: Ganges River.

GAYATRI: One of the most sacred Vedic Mantras. Goddess.

GITA: Renowned sacred text: the “Bhagavad Gita.”

GUNA: Quality born of nature.

GURU: Master; preceptor.


. HAVAN: Sacred oblations

Hiraṇyagarbha: Cosmic Intelligence; the Supreme Lord of the Universe; the cosmic mind.


INDRA: The Lord of the gods; the ruler of heaven.

INDRIYAS: The senses.

ishvara Lord; God.


JAPA: Repetition of the Name of the Lord.

JIVA: Jiva.

JIVANMUKTA: One who is liberated in this life.

Jnana: Knowledge; wisdom.

Jnana-INDRIYAS: Bodies of knowledge or perception.

jñānī: (pronounced Nyani) A wise.


KAIVALYA: Emancipation; state of absolute independence.

KARMA: Action. The facts produced by the law of cause and effect.

KARMA-INDRIYAS: The organs of action – tongue, hands, feet, genitals and anus.

KARMA-KANDI: One who observes strictly the duties ordained in the scriptures.

KARMASRAYA: Receptacle of the shares.

KARUNA: Compassion

Kashaya: hidden items.

KIRTAN: Singing devotional songs.

KRIYA: A type of exercise in Hatha Yoga.

kshama: Sorry.

KUNDALINI: the primordial cosmic energy located in man.

KUTIR: A small cottage – a hut.


LAYA: meld; dissolve.

LINGA-SARIRA: The subtle body, the astral body.


MAHA. Great

Mahabharata: A Hindu epic.

Mahant: Great wise

Mahapurusha: Great soul.

Maharishi: Great wise.

MAHASAMADHI: The departure of a realized saint from his mortal body.

MAHATMA: Great soul

MAITRI: Friendship.

Manonasa: Destruction of mind.

MANTRA: Sacred syllable or word or set of words. Through repetition of Mantra and reflection on it, you can achieve perfection.

MAYA: The illusive power of God.

MOHA: Infatuation.

MOKSHA. Liberation

MOUNA: Vow of Silence.

Mouni: One who observes silence.

Mukti: Liberation.

MUMUKSHU: One who aspires after moksha or liberation.

MUNI: An ascetic.


. NOTHING: Mystic Sound

NIRVANA: Liberation; final emancipation.

nirvikalpa-samadhi: superconscious state where no mental modification.

NITYA-Siddha: A liberated soul of marvelous powers who is ever present on the astral plane.

Nivritti: Resignation.

NIYAMA: The second step in Raja Yoga; observance – purity, contentment, austerities, etc.


OJAS: Spiritual energy.

  1. The sacred monosyllable which symbolizes Brahman

OORDHVARETA: A Yogi who has stored up the seminal energy in the brain after sublimating into spiritual energy.


P ARIVRAJAKA: Wandering Monk.

PARAM Dhama: Supreme Abode.

PARAMAHAMSA: The highest class of Sannyasins.

PASU-svabhāva: The animal nature; bestial nature.

PATANJALI: The author of the Yoga-Sutras.

PRAKRITI: Mother Nature, causal matter.

Prana: Vital energy; breath of life.

PRANAVA: The sacred monosyllable Om.

PRANAYAMA – practice breath control.

PRATYAHARA: Abstraction of the senses – fifth step in Raja Yoga.

PREMA. Divine Love

. PRITHVI: Earth

PURANA: Myths and Hindu legends .

PURNA-jñānī: A wise fully realized as such.

PURNA-YOGI: A Yogi fully realized as such.

PURUSHA: The Supreme Being.


RAGA: Clinging.

RAJA. King

RAJAS: One of the three qualities of Prakriti which generates passion and restlessness.

RAJA-YOGA: A system of Yoga generally thought to be the one propounded by Patanjali Maharishi, ie, Ashtanga Yoga .

RAJASUYA-YAJNA: a sacrifice performed by a monarch as a sign of their dominance over all other kings.

Ramayana: a sacred story of Lord Rama.

RASASVADA: joy achieved through a state of Samadhi lower grade.

RISHI: wise.

ardwar: A sacred place in the Himalayas.


. SADHAKA: Spiritual Aspirant

SADHANA: Spiritual Practice.

SADHU: A pious and proper person; A sannyasin.

sahasranama: The thousand Names of the Lord.

SAKTI: Power. The feminine aspect of divinity.

Śakti-SANCHAR: The transfer of power by a developed Yogi.

SAMA: Serenity – control of the mind.

SAMADHI: the super – conscious state, which is experienced, along with the joy and knowledge overall, the reality of the Absolute. Unit.

Samsara: The process of worldly life.

SAMSKARAS: Impressions in the subconscious mind.

SAMYAMA: Perfect command of himself. . Condition of being in complete balance, calm, concentration, meditation and samadhi

SANKARA: Celebrated teacher of Vedanta philosophy.

Sankirtan: Singing divine songs.

SANNYASINS: Those who have dedicated themselves to a life of complete renunciation.

SATCHIDANANDA: Absolute Existence (Sat ), absolute knowledge (Chid), absolute Bliss (Ananda).

SATSANG: Association with the wise.

SATTVA: Purity. One of the three qualities of nature.

Satyayuga: Age of Truth, the first of four cycles of time, according to the Hindus.

SIDDHI: Psychic Power.

SIVA, Lord Siva – bestower of prosperity to His devotees.

SLOKA: Verso.

śrāddha. Fe

SRI: Prosperity. Auspiciousness. Is said or written “Sri” before a name as a sign of courtesy and auspiciousness.

. Hymn: stotra

. Śuddha: Pure

SUSHUMNA: The most important of astral channels in the human body; . located within the spine

SUTRA: aphorism.

SVADHYAYA: Study the scriptures.

svarūpa: Nature essential; Reality.


TAMAS: One of the three qualities of nature; generates inertia, laziness, dullness and infatuation.

TAPAS: Austerity.

tapascharya. Practice austerity

TATTVA: Being Principle..

tehsildar: tax or customs agent.

TRIPUTI: The triad: the seer, sight and what you see .

trishna: craving, thirst.

TURIYA: State of superconsciousness. It is the fourth state, which is transcending the states of waking, dreaming and deep sleep.

TYAGA: Renunciation (of egoism, desires and the world).


UDDALAKA: A great sage of antiquity.

UPADESA: Spiritual Council.

UPANISHADS: Disclosures; text dealing with Ultimate Truth and Its Realization.


VAIRAGYA. Dispassion

VASANA-KSHYA: No desires.

Vasanas: Subtle desires

VEDANTA: School of Hindu thought which is based primarily on the Upanishads.

VEDANTIN: He who follows the path of Vedanta.

VEDAS: The oldest authentic scripture of the Hindus. A revealed scripture and therefore free of imperfections.

Veerya (read viiria) seminal Energy.

VETTA. Knower, who knows

vichara: Enquiry into the nature of the Being, Brahman, the Absolute Truth.

VIKSHEPA: Agitation mind.

Vishaya: the objects of the senses.

VIVEKA: Discernment.

VRITTI. A wave in the lake of mind

vyavahāra Activity (worldly).


Yājñavalkya. A great sage of antiquity

YAMA: eternal votes: no violence , truthfulness, etc. . First step of Raja Yoga

YOGA: Union; union with the Supreme Being. That which facilitates such a union.

YOGI (N): practicing yoga. One who is established in Yoga.

YONI: Source.


Zamindar: A wealthy landowner.

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