One of the most common changes that affect the woman during pregnancy is the urinary tract infection that reaches at least 10% of pregnant women.
One of the most common changes that affect the woman during pregnancy is the urinary tract infection that reaches at least 10% of pregnant women. Moms must be attentive to the first trimester of pregnancy, a period that typically appear symptoms of this change.
The dysfunction occurs for reasons explicable: the presence of glucose in the urine of pregnant women increases due to hormonal changes that occur during this period, leaving the urethra an environment more conducive to the proliferation of bacteria.
In addition, the hormone progesterone, which offers conditions of women getting pregnant, relaxes the muscles of the urethra, slowing down the flow of urine from the kidneys to the bladder, increasing the factors favourable to the proliferation of bacteria. We must also remember that during pregnancy women’s resistance gets lower, being easier to attack from any organism.
The less aggressive form of urinary tract infection is cystitis, bladder infection, and the more serious pyelonephritis, which affects the kidneys. Mild infection can be asymptomatic, but in most cases, the infection worsens leading to symptoms such as pain and burning during urination, a feeling of desire to urinate, frequent urge to urinate with little amount of Pee and changes in smell and colour of urine.
In the most serious cases, the symptoms are nausea, vomiting, fever, cloudy urine with odor, chills and intense pain in the lumbar region (kidneys) usually occur in the last trimester of pregnancy.
The toxins released by the bacteria of this type more severe urinary infection can cause contractions of the uterus, leading to premature labor, abortamentos, arterial hypertension, death of the baby and even the mother when the infection becomes severe and widespread.
The pielonefrites occurs after asymptomatic infections (which does not show signs of infection). So the importance of discovering the urinary infections early on so that treatment is carried out before the situation worsens to mother and baby.
How to avoid infection? As always, prenatal care is essential for a healthier pregnancy, in seeking to curb any kind of complication. In it, doctors ask for urine tests every three months, diagnosing urinary tract infection as early as possible.
There are some steps that the expectant mother must perform for prevention of urinary tract infection, such as drinking plenty of fluids throughout the day (from 1 to 2 litres). Another recommendation is to go to the bathroom frequently, not holding it when the urge comes, especially after sexual intercourse. It is essential that the mother take good care of your personal hygiene, toilet paper from front to back.
The treatment of the infection is made with antibiotics. It must be indicated by the doctor so it doesn’t affect the baby’s development, for the shortest possible time, but that is a safe time to hit and efficient treatment.
When the woman feel any symptoms of a urinary tract infection, immediately report to your doctor for a diagnosis to be made as soon as possible.
“Prevention is better than cure”. Follow all the guidelines of prevention, these measures can save your baby.Take a good prenatal care.
Ingesting water it is important always to maintain hydration and help on your health and, consequently, of your baby.