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Top 10 One-Year MBA Programs in the World

1. Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management

Location: Evanston, Illinois, USA

2. INSEAD

Location: Fontainebleau, France and Singapore

3. Instituto de Empresa IE Business School

Location: Madrid, Spain

4. University of Cambridge Judge Business School

Location: Cambridge, United Kingdom

5. University of Oxford Said Business School

Location: Oxford, United Kingdom

6. Cornell University S. C. Johnson Graduate School of Management

Location: Ithaca, New York, USA

7. ESADE Business School

Location: Barcelona, Spain

8. Emory University Goizueta Business School

Location: Atlanta, Georgia, USA

9. University of Florida Hough Graduate School of Business

Location: Gainesville, Florida, USA

10. Babson College Franklin W. Olin Graduate School of Business

Location: Boston, Massachusetts, USA


 

 

Australia

Australia: holidays, events, climate

Public holidays

There are a number of public holidays that do not have a fixed date, but are based on the location of Easter.

Easter takes place on the first Sunday that follows the first full moon after the beginning of spring. Ash Wednesday, the beginning of Lent, which ends on Holy Saturday, is 46 days before Holy Saturday.

The date for Pentecost is then 50 days after Easter.

The Corpus Christi festival is celebrated on the 2nd Thursday after Pentecost. All Saints' Day is celebrated for Orthodox Christians on the 1st Sunday after Pentecost, but for Catholic Christians the date is fixed on November 1st. On October 31, Protestants celebrate Reformation Day. The Halloween festival also takes place on this day.

Date Holiday
January 1 New Year
January 26 Australia Day, national holiday
March, 15 Youth day
March April Good Friday, Easter Sunday, Easter Monday
April 25 Anzac Day
May 27th - June 3rd Reconciliation Week

On May 26, 1997, the Australian government officially apologized to the Aborigines. The day is also called Sorry Day. In the years 1918-1970, the Australian government deported around 100,000 children from Aboriginal families to be raised in orphanages of the white population of Australia. The tearing apart of families had devastating psychological consequences. As this happened until 1970, there are still many victims in Australia who suffer from the abuse they experienced. In this context one speaks of the "stolen generation".

The reader is recommended to read the Australian film: "Rabbit-Proof-Fence" from 2002, in which the fate of two little Aboriginal girls is portrayed who were torn from their families and deported in the 1930s. They tried to return to their families on an adventurous hike in the desert over hundreds of kilometers.

25./26. December Christmas

Holidays in each state

Australian Capital Territory

Date Holiday
March Canberra day
1st Monday in Augu Bank holiday
1st Monday in October Workers day

New South Wales

Date Holiday
1st Monday in Augu Bank holiday
1st Monday in October Workers day

Northern Territory

Date Holiday
1st Monday in May May Day
July Show day
1st Monday in Augu Picnic day

Queensland

Date Holiday
1st Monday in May Workers day
Augu Showday in Brisbane

South Australia

Date Holiday
3rd Monday in May Adelaide Cup Day
1st Monday in October Workers day
Last Tuesday in December Proclamation Day

Tasmania

Date Holiday
14th of February Day of the regatta
February Launceston Cup Day
1st Monday in March 8 hour day
Tuesday after Easter Bank holiday
March King Island Show
October Launceston Show Day
October Hobart Show Day
1st Monday in November Recreation Day in Northern Tasmania

Source: Countryaah - Australia Holidays

Australia Holidays

Cultural events

Date kind of event
January Big Day Out is a huge open air concert with many well-known artists that is held for one day each in the cities of Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney and Pearth. www.bigdayout.com
February Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, Tasmania

Food and Wine Festival in Launceston, which is celebrated over three days.

March April Tasmania Festival, Ten Days on the Island Womadelaide in Adelaide, The festival with hundreds of musicians and artists from all over the world lasts three days and nights and is held in the Adelaide Botanical Gardens.
July Naidoc Week, National Aboriginal and Islander Day is celebrated across the country

Sporting events

Date Event
March April Tasmania has a six-day car race around the island, www.targa.org.au
December January The Hobart sailing yacht race that goes from Sydney to Hobart/Tasmania. The race is pretty tough, which means that tragic accidents happen again and again.

Australia: climate

Due to the size of the continent, the climate in Australia is sometimes extremely different.

It varies from temperate latitudes in the south to tropical climates in the north. Therefore you can travel to Australia all year round. However, you should pay close attention to when you are going to which region. One will z. B. choose the Australian winter for a trip to the extremely hot inland, whereas a trip to Tasmania or Victoria should rather be set in the Australian summer. On the other hand, since the Australian winter for northern and central Europeans is more like a mild autumn in Germany, one can confidently say that Australia can be visited all year round.

Due to Australia's location in the southern hemisphere, the seasons are exactly the opposite of those in Europe.

At the beginning of February 2011, the strongest cyclone in the last 100 years hit land in the state of Queensland with wind speeds of up to 300 km/ h. However, the cyclone had weakened considerably after it went ashore, so that the devastation feared turned out to be less severe than feared. However, this did not apply to Mission Beach, which is around 1,250 km north-northwest of Brisbane and was almost completely devastated. Almost miraculously, people across the country had not been harmed.

Climate in the north

In the far north near Darwin the climate is tropical with a hot and humid summer and the rainy season in the months of November to April. The dry season from April to October is less hot with the coolest month of July.

Inland in Alice Springs, the average temperature in the summer months, i.e. from December to March, is 25 - 37 °C. In the months of November to March there is occasional rainfall. You should travel from May to September.

Climate in Western Australia

The climate in Western Australia is rather tropical in the north. With a dry season from June to August and a rainy season from December to February. The rain falls like a monsoon. Occasional cyclones also form, and the climate in the south is much drier. The coldest month there is July with an average temperature of 14 °C.

Climate in the south

The climate in the south around Melbourne and Adelaide is temperate. Summers are hot, dry and long. Winter is short and mild with the coldest month of July. The average temperatures in July are around 13 °C.

Climate in the administrative district around Canberra

The average temperatures in summer, December to February are around 26 ° C. The nights can get quite chilly, however.

In the winter months from June to August, daytime temperatures rise to 11 ° C. In the nights you have to expect occasional frost.

Climate in the East - North South Wales/Sydney

The climate is subtropical with average temperatures around 25 °C. The temperatures often fall below 10 °C. Exceptions to this are some winter nights. In summer, however, temperatures can rise to an uncomfortable 40 °C.

Climate in the East - Brisbane

The climate is warm all year round. The thermometer rarely falls below 20 °C in winter. However, the summers are quite hot and temperatures of 40 °C are not uncommon. In addition, there is high humidity in the months of January to March due to heavy rainfall.

Climate in Tasmania

In summer the temperatures are between 15 and 25 °C. In winter these are around 10 °C lower. From an altitude of 1,000 m, it can occasionally even snow.

Attractions in Australia

Western Australia: Sightseeing

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Shark Bay Nature Park Shark Bay

is a shark bay in Western Australia and represents the most westerly point of Australia.

At 4,800 km², it has the largest seaweed lake bed in the world. The manatee, among other things, feels at home here.

You can find more information about Shark Bay at goruma here >>>.

Ningaloo Reef

The Ningaloo Reef (reef) is a 250 km long coral reef that stretches along the "Coral Coast". In many places it is only 100 m away from the mainland, so that not only divers, but also swimmers can explore the reef.

The reef is located in the Ningaloo Marine Park (see below). Over 220 species of coral, over 500 species of fish and various types of sharks, including tiger sharks and hammerhead sharks, which can be dangerous for humans, live in the reef.

You can also find turtles, stingrays and manta rays here, and humpback whales pass by between June and November. A special experience, especially for divers, should be whale sharks between May and July

At Coral Bay and Exmouth, visitors can experience the reef with the help of a glass bottom boat.

Purnululu National Park

The park is of fascinating natural beauty and has a total size of 3,100 km ². The name "Purnululu" means sandstone in the language of the local indigenous tribe.

Major cities of Western Australia

Albany

Albany has about 25,000 residents, making it the third largest city in Western Australia.

The city was founded in 1826 as a penal colony. It is located in the south of the state on the great Australian Bay - approx. 400 km southwest of Perth.

Bunbury

Bunbury has a population of around 60,000, making it the second largest city in Western Australia.

The city was founded in 1836. The city is located in the southwest of the state on the coast of the Indian Ocean and about 160 km south of Perth.

Esperance

Esperance has a population of around 10,000. The city is on the south coast of Western Australia.

The city was named after the French sailing ship L'Espérance (hope).

At first, whalers, pirates, missionaries, pastors and miners came here who wanted to take part in the gold rush in the mines to the north.In the

sea in front of the city there are over 100 islands and more than 1,800 cliffs of the Recherche Archipelago.

There are wonderful beaches nearby where you can swim, surf and dive. It is particularly worth mentioning that there are five large national parks in the vicinity of the city.

From here you can also visit the gold rush town of Kalgoorlie-Boulder.

Perth

Perth has about 1.55 million residents and is by far the largest city in Western Australia and the capital of this Australian state.

Perth was founded in 1828 by James Stirling. The aim was to prevent the French from colonizing the west coast of Australia.

The city is located in the southwest of the state on the coast of the Indian Ocean.

Special structures

Round House/Fremantle

The Round House is located in the port city of Fremantle. The building opened in 1831 and is believed to be the oldest building in the state of Western Australia.

The sandstone building with its eight cells once served as a prison. In 1982 the building became the property of the city and has been open to the public since then

The Old Mill/Perth

The Old Mill was built in 1835 and is the oldest industrial building still in existence in Perth. At its peak, the mill produced up to 680 kg of flour per day. But as early as 1959, the company was shut down due to ineffectiveness.

Nowadays there is a folk museum here.

Museums, galleries and libraries

Round House

The Round House is located in the port city of Fremantle. The building opened in 1831 and is believed to be the oldest building in the state of Western Australia.

The sandstone building with its eight cells once served as a prison. In 1982 the building became the property of the city and has been open to the public since then

The Old Mill

The Old Mill was built in 1835 and is the oldest existing industrial building in Perth. At its peak, the mill produced up to 680 kg of flour per day. But as early as 1959, the company was shut down due to ineffectiveness.

Nowadays there is a folk museum here.

Art Gallery of Western Australia

The present gallery opened in 1979 in Perth. However, there was a predecessor of today's gallery in the Jubilee Building as early as 1901.

The gallery's art collection consists of over 15,500 works of art

Perth Institute of Contemporary Arts

This museum of contemporary art in Perth shows the works of regional and international artists in changing exhibitions.

Alexander Library

The Alexander Library is located in Perth in a building (Alexander Library Building) which is considered the cultural center of Perth and opened in 1985.

Western Australian Maritime Museum

The Western Australian Maritime Museum in Perth covers the maritime history of Western Australia. A special exhibit is the sailing yacht Australia II, which won the America's Cup in 1985

Western Australian Museum of Fremantle History

The Fremantle History Museum is located in Fremantle. As can be seen from the name, the history and development of the city is shown here.

Theaters and opera houses

Perth Concert Hall

The Perth Concert Hall was opened in 1973 in Perth and can safely be called the musical heart of the city.

His Majesty's Theater

The theater opened in Perth in 1904. The theater impresses with its baroque construction.

It offers its visitors over 1,200 seats.

Albany Town Hall Theater

The building of this theater in Albany is one of the oldest buildings in Western Australia.

The Town Hall hosts exhibitions, seminars, workshops and local encounters.

The building was opened in 1888. Regional State Parliament meetings have been held here for a number of years.

Albany Town Hall Theater

217 York Street

Albany, WA 6330

Tel: (0) 8-9841-1661

Universities in Western Australia

University of Western Australia/Perth

The University of Western Australia was founded in Perth in 1911. This makes it the oldest of all Australian universities. The main campus is located in the Crawley district and is particularly well worth seeing due to its limestone architecture. There are currently around 18,000 students studying at the following faculties:

  • Agricultural Sciences
  • architecture
  • Humanities
  • Engineering
  • art
  • mathematics
  • medicine
  • pedagogy
  • physics
  • law Sciences
  • Social sciences
  • Economics
  • Dentistry

Curtin University of Technology/Perth

The Curtin University of Technology was founded in 1987 in Perth. The main campus of the university is in the Bentley neighborhood. Approx. 39,000 students study in the following faculties:

  • Humanities
  • Engineering
  • medicine
  • Natural sciences
  • pedagogy
  • pharmacy
  • physics
  • psychology
  • law Sciences
  • Social sciences
  • Economics

Edith Cowan University/Perth

Edith Cowan University was founded in 1991 in Perth. There are currently around 18,000 enrolled students studying at the following faculties:

  • Engineering
  • medicine
  • Natural sciences
  • pedagogy
  • law Sciences
  • Social sciences
  • Economics

Other universities in Western Australia are: Murdoch University/Perth and the University of Notre Dame Australia/Perth

Zoological and Botanical Gardens

Perth Zoo was

opened in 1898. The free tours through the zoo are particularly visitor-friendly.

The zoo covers an area of 17 ha = 170,000 m². About 1,250 animals from 165 different species live here. Around 600,000 people visit the facility every year

Aquarium of Western Australia/Perth

The Aquarium of Western Australia is located in the Fremantle district. Visitors can marvel at the underwater world in a tunnel.

It is also possible to swim with sharks and rays.

Perth

Botanical Garden The Perth Botanical Garden has approximately 2,000 different regional plants.

Many local bird species can also be observed here.

Dolphin Discovery Center

The sponsor is a not-for-profit organization for the protection and research of animals in their free habitat, for the education and information of the public as well as for tourism, which serves to finance and maintain the center.

This dolphin center is in the town of Bunbury. The visitor can not only watch the wild animals, but swim and act with them in the water.

The animals come to this beach area around 300 days a year, with the best time to meet the animals between 8:00 a.m. and 11:00 a.m.

Bunbury - the dolphin town, is about 160 km south of Perth.

National parks

Cape Arid National Park

The Cape Arid National Park, founded in 1969, covers an area of 279,800 ha = 2,798 km². It is located on the cape of the same name on the south coast of Western Australia on the Great Australian Bay and approx. 120 km east of the city of Esperance.

Cape Arid National Park is located east of Cape Le Grand National Park, both of which are combined to form the Recherche Archipelago Nature Reserve.

On the coast, visitors will find lush vegetation, which becomes more and more sparse towards the interior and the climate becomes drier.

Bird lovers will find over 160 species of birds here.

In the national park there are a number of campsites, of which only the campground on the Thomas River can be reached by normal car without four-wheel drive.

Cape Le Grand National Park

The 316 km² Cape Le Grand National Park in Western Australia is about 55 km from the town of Esperance.

The park is named after Le Grand, a former French ship officer.

The waters and islands in front of the park are part of the Recherche Archipelago and form a nature reserve.

To the east of the park is the Cape Le Grand National Park. Both parks are combined to form the Recherche Archipelago Nature Reserve.

The park invites its visitors to go hiking, off-roading or fishing.

You can find wonderful beaches at Rossiter Bay, Hellfire Bay, Le Grand Beach, Orlean Bay or Israelite Bay, where the ruins of an old telegraph station and a weather station are located.

Noteworthy elevations in the park are the 345 m high Mount Le Grand, the 262 m high Frenchman Peak and the, however, only 180 m high Mississippi Hil - all these elevations are made of gneiss and granite.

Karijini National Park

The Karijini National Park, founded in 1969, covers an area of 627,450 ha = 6,274.50 km². With its ancient geological formations, it is sometimes a spectacular sight. The dry and dusty steppe of the park high plateau is criss-crossed by winding rivers, sloping into gorges up to 100 m deep and forming water reservoirs with fresh and clear water. It should be noted that the southern half of the national park is still under-developed and visitors are therefore limited to the breathtaking gorges in the northern part of the park. Mount Meharry is the highest mountain in the national park with a height of 1,245 m. The local Aborigines live at the Fern Pool and Circular Pool in the park (Latin: ab origines = from the beginning) .A number of kangaroo species, dingoes, various rodents and bag predators can be found here. But reptiles and amphibians such as frogs, geckos, monitor lizards, agamas, lizards and pythons also live here.

A number of poisonous snakes, such as the very poisonous western brown snake, are also at home here .

Mirima National Park

The Mirima National Park, founded in 2006, the former Hidden Valley National Park, is located in the extreme northeast of Western Australia - about 2,220 km northeast of Perth near the city of Kununurra.

The park is known for its heavily weathered mountain range made of orange-red sandstone and some sandstone knolls that are reminiscent of beehives. The national park covers an area of 2,068 ha = 20.68 km².

The sandstone gorge created by Lilly Creek is remarkable.

Let it be added. that here the Aboriginal tribe of the Miriwoong has an important meaning.

Man erreicht den Nationalpark von der Stadt Kununurra aus. Camping und Grillen sind im hier nicht gestattet. Die drei Wanderwege durch den Park jedoch sind weniger als 1.000 m lang. Aber es gibt hier Toiletten, Picknickmöglichkeiten und Informationsstände.

Nambung National Park

This national park covers an area of around 185 km² and extends about 250 km north of Perth along the Swan Coastal Plain.

The up to 4 m high weathered limestone pillars, the Pinnacles, are spread over an area of around 4 km².

This is why the park is also known as the Pinnacles Desert. The park is located in a sand dune system that is divided into three parts and the former coastlines of the local ocean to mark. You can find the giant kangaroo and the emu here.

One is certainly less pleased about the local, very venomous western brown snake.

Purnululu National Park

The park is of fascinating natural beauty and has a total size of 3,100 km ². The name "Purnululu" means sandstone in the language of the local indigenous tribe.

The park area is approximately 50 km from the Great Northern Highway and can only be reached with an off-road vehicle.

More natural beauties

Lake Kununurra

The Lake Kununurra is a 1963 Opened reservoir which m³ a volume of 900 million has. It is located just south of the city of Kununurrra. The local freshwater crocodiles are a specialty.

The reservoir is fed by the water from Lake Argyle. The lake is drained via the Ord River.

In the area is the UNESCO World Heritage "Ningaloo Reef". More on this above.

Ningaloo Marine Park/Exmouth

The park is made up of the two marine protected areas Ningaloo Marine Park and Ningaloo Marine Park.

The park was founded in 1987 and covers an area of 2,435 km²

Wave Rock

The Wave Rock is a 2.5 billion year old rock formation of granite, which was shaped over time by erosion to a wave having a height of 15 m and has a length of approximately 110 m

, the rock formation is located in close to the town of Hyden, which has only approx. 280 residents - approx. 350 km east of Perth.

activities

Surf

Margaret River has one of the best surfing spots in Australia while also serving up some fantastic local wine! The beaches between Naturaliste and Capes Leeuwin are also recommended.

The reports about the daily surfing conditions can be found at: www.coastaldata.transport.wa.gov.au Canoe

tours

Canoe tours are offered on the Blackwood Forest River.

Camel riding

The Cable Beach is an approx. 22 km long sandy beach near the town of Broome. The first telegraph cable to Java was laid from Broome in 1889.

In addition to camel rides, which are popular here, you can picnic, surf or go for a walk with your dog on the beach.

Whalewatching

King George's Sound is ideal for whale watching. The bay is almost completely surrounded by land and covers an area of around 90 km² = 9,000 hectares.

The access to the bay is around 8 m wide. At the western end of the bay is the city of Albany. In front of the bay are the two islands Michaelmas Island and Breaksea Island.

Official Tourist Site

The state's official website:

www.westernaustralia.net

Gas production ship Prelude

The Prelude is a self-propelled and fully maneuverable gas production and processing vessel that will anchor approx. 200 km off the coast in the Prelude natural gas field on the northwestern coast of the continent from 2017 and then extract, refine, liquefy, store and transfer natural gas to other ships becomes.

The gigantic ship, manufactured in South Korea, is 488 m long, 75 m wide and 90 m high. Its water displacement is around 600,000 tons. The construction costs were approximately 12 billion US dollars.

Australia: UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Australian Capital Territory

There are currently no UNESO world cultural or natural heritage sites in the state of the Australian Capital Territory. There are currently no proposals for the state of the Australian Capital Territory to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

New South Wales

Sydney Opera House

The Sydney Opera House is located on the Bennelong Point peninsula in front of the city and is reminiscent of sailing ships. The Sydney Opera House is the symbol of Sydneys. The Danish architect and Pritzker Prize winner Jørn Utzon designed this architectural work of art in 1953, it was only completed and inaugurated in 1973 by Queen Elizabeth II of England. The building is 183 m long and 118 m wide and covers an area of around 2.2 ha = 0.022 km². The roof is unmistakable and rises 67 m high, it is clad with 1,056,000 white ceramic tiles. The building is designed from spherical parts of a sphere that jut into the sky like sails on a peninsula in Sydney Harbor. The building is driven deep into the ground by 580 piles that support the structure. In the opera house there are 5 theaters with a total of 5532 seats. There are also around 100 rooms, 5 rehearsal studios, 1 cinema, changing rooms, restaurants, bars and shops.

A lottery was held to finance the property. The actual price was later exceeded by almost 20 times. Utzon had such a falling out with the city of Sydney during construction that he left Australia in anger and never saw the opera there in its perfect state. For this reason, the interior was not planned by him. The Sydney Opera House was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2007.

Historic prison camps in Australia

The 11 historic prison camps that were built in the 18th and 19th centuries. They were built on Australian soil by the British Empire in the 19th century and have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since July 31, 2010. They are distributed over New South Wales, Tasmania and the Norfolk Islands.

The prison camps are powerful symbols of the colonial expansion of the European powers that brought prisoners, soldiers and their families here on ships. The indigenous peoples were thereby displaced - in the vicinity of Sydney it was mainly the Dharug-speaking indigenous peoples - and the convicts built up the colonial settlements, prison camps, ports and roads, some of which are still very well preserved today. There are four landmarks in the Sydney area:

Hyde Park Barracks (Sydney NSW 2000)

Cockatoo Island (Sydney NSW Harbor)

Old Government House & Domain (Parramatta NSW 2150)

Old Great North Road (Wisemans Ferry NSW 2775)

Hyde Park Barracks

The Hyde Park Barracks are three beautiful, sleek, Georgian-style brick buildings located around Queens Square at the head of historic Macquarie Street.

history

Convict architect Francis Greenway planned this on behalf of Governor Macquarie and built it between 1817 and 1819. Originally, the barracks housed exiled men and boys. From 1848 onwards, female immigrants and a little later, from 1862 onwards, frail and poor women too, found temporary homes there. In 1887 the buildings were converted into a court of law and various authorities, which remained functional until the late 1970s. Since the general renovation in the 1980s, the buildings have been converted from the Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences to a special museum, which documented the social history of Sydney.

today

In 1990 the Historic Houses Trust took over management and the barracks became a museum. The museum reflects the history of time using the structure of the buildings, their archeology and the spaces between them. Changing exhibitions tell the stories and life experiences of inmates. In the restored hammock dormitory on the second floor, visitors can even “try out loungers” and listen to the whispered conversations of prisoners (from hidden speakers). There is also a highly recommended restaurant/cafe there.

Queens Square, Macquarie Street,

Sydney NSW 2000

www.hht.net.au Hours of Operation

: 9:30 am - 5:00 pm

Tel: (02) - 8239234

Entrance Fees: Adults 10 AUD, Children/Discount 5 AUD, Family 20AUD

Cockatoo Island

Cockatoo Island is located in the middle of the beautiful harbor of Sydney and is regularly served by the Sydney Ferry Service from Circular Quay. A ride takes about 20 minutes. The island is a significant cultural heritage in New South Wales and tells the exciting historical development from the establishment of a prison camp to a maritime industrial nation.

history

Before the arrival of the Europeans, the island was used by the first Australian aborigines who lived on the fertile coasts of Sydney. In 1839 it was turned into a penal and labor camp by the Governor of the New South Wales Colony, Sir George Gipps. The prisoners there had to build dungeons, a military base and official apartments. A little later, the construction of the Fitzroy harbor basin began, also from convict hands.

In the next 50 years the island became a place for incarceration, ship repairs and building of the colony. During the First and Second World Wars, maritime activities increased and for a time Cockatoo Island even became the largest shipbuilding repository in Australia. With the closure of the campsite in 1992, the island was shut down for 10 years without being used. Then the Sydney Harbor Federation Trust was founded with the responsibility to revitalize this historically significant place. This rehabilitation foundation has managed to create a rather unusual location in Sydney true to history.

Today

Since 2008 Cockatoo Island has become a main venue for the Sydney BIENNALE. The island shows 120 works of art by 56 artists. During the BIENNALE there are free ferries that start in front of the Museum of Contemporary Art on Circular Quay and bring visitors to the island every 30 minutes. In addition to art and history, the island also has cafes, picnic and BBQ areas, as well as holiday homes and apartments for rent. The campground is a little cheaper, and costs 45AUD per night with your own equipment. Watching a sunrise over the Sydney Harbor Bridge and a sunset over the Parramatta River is sure to be an unforgettable and unique Sydney experience.

Further information and details at:

www.cockatooisland.gov.au

Old Government House & Domain

The Old Government House was the country residence of the early NSW governors. It is an elegant Georgian Palladian building and shows wonderfully the British architectural style from the 18th century. It stands on Rose Hill in Parramatta Park, home of the Burramatta tribe (Dharug-speaking Indians of Australia) and is named after the first Governor Arthur Phillip.

history

The first part was built by Governor John Hunter in 1799, making the Old Government House the oldest surviving public building in Australia. In the late 18th century, over 1,000 soldiers, prisoners, women and children landed on Sydney's shores. There on the Duck Creek River near Silverwater, the second settlement of the British Colony was established and the first harvest-rich wheat and grain fields were cultivated.

In 1965 the Old Government House was given to the National Trust of Australia and restored with government grants. The building thus became an excellently preserved landmark of the mass immigration and expansion of the European powers by prisoners and prisoners.

today

One-hour tours lead through the building. The ground floor depicts the Macquarie era, which contributed the most to home design. The upper floors show something of all 10 governors who have lived in the house. It is said to have the best collection of colonial furniture in Australia. Lachlan's Old Government House Restaurant in Parramatta Park can also be rented for special festivities such as weddings.

Parramatta Park Pitt Street Entrance, Parramatta NSW 2150

www.friendsofogh.com Hours of Operation

: 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Mon-Fri), 10:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Sat + Sun, Holidays)

Rates: Adults $ 8, Discounted 5AUD, Family 18AUD

Tel.: (02) - 96358149 Train station

: Parramatta

Lachlan's Old Government House info: http://www.lachlans.com.au

Old Great North Road

The Old Great North Road was surveyed by prisoners of the British colony in 1825 and completed in 1836. The original plan was to link Sydney with the Hunter Valley, 264km away. Up to 720 prisoners, some of them in chains, worked on its arduous course. Unfortunately, however, it was not a popular street and remained largely unused until its bitter completion. The coastal steamers were preferred as a means of travel and transportation.

today

Today, 43km of the Old Great North Road remains relatively intact, along and through Dharug and Yengo National Park. The road begins at Wisemans Ferry, a small town on the Hawkesbury River, and ends at Mount Manning in the north. The Old Great North Road is closed to motorized vehicles, but it is an excellent walking (2-3 days) and mountain biking (1 day) route that features the oldest stone bridges on mainland Australia.

Lake District Willandra (Willandra Lakes Region)

The region is known for its fossil finds. It can also be proven that the region was inhabited by humans 45,000 - 60,000 years ago. This makes the area extremely important for Australia and the study of human evolution. The Willandra Lakes Region has an area of 2,400 km² and is located in the Murray River Basin in southeastern New South Wales. Sandy areas with dunes are covered by bushes, grassland and woody plants and are covered with various types of eucalyptus. The biodiversity of the animals and plants is great so there are around 20 species of mammals, such as the red and gray kangaroo, pouch urchins and various species of bats.

The lakes once formed an interconnected system and have an area of approx. 1100 km². The lake system has dried up. Several grinding stones for grinding wild grass seeds from around 18,000 BC were found. Giant marsupial skeletons were discovered.

The Willandra Lake District was added to both the UNESCO World Heritage List and the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981.

Greater Blue Mountains

The Blue Mountains are located in the Australian state of New South Wales. The foothills of the mountains begin about 60 km west of Sydney. Mainly eucalyptus trees with about 90 different species grow in the region.

Oil evaporates from the leaf surface of the eucalyptus trees and a fine mist forms, which causes a blue sheen when exposed to light. The Blue Mountains are over 1,000 m high, and the deep canyons of the plateau offer spectacular views of the layers of sandstone of the Narrabeen Group. The few wetlands have rainforests. In 1994 a new endemic (only growing here) conifer species, wollemia, was discovered. Worth seeing are the formations of the "Three Sisters", the limestone cave group "Jenolan Caves" and many impressive waterfalls. The species diversity of the animals is great, so different kinds of kangaroos, marsupials and monotones, 250 bird, frog and reptile species live in the protected area. The area has been inhabited by the Aborigines for around 25,000 years.

The Greater Blue Mountains were added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites in 2000.

Protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia (Gondwana Rainforests of Australia)

Australia is one of the driest continents on earth, which is why it is all the more important to protect the wetlands. The various protected parks are home to a large number of rare and threatened rainforest species. The rainforest parks alternate with densely populated areas. Almost all parks have eucalyptus forests but also subtropical rainforests. In these parks animals and plants are given a home. Mammals such as the platypus, an egg-laying mammal.

The gnarled, moss-covered trunks of the "Antarctic Southern Beeches" in the rainforests at higher altitudes, such as in Dorrigo and New England National Park, are unique to see. There are strangler figs that grow on other trees and then crush them. Mosses and lichens and even orchids grow over giant trees like the "Yellow Carabeen" in whose treetops "hanging gardens" consisting of ferns grow. Black-headed Wippflöters, the green-cat-bird, the endemic (only occurring here) black-lily-tail so, the bush grouse, the rust-bellied thicket bird and parakeets of all kinds and of course all kinds of marsupials live in the forest.

The Gondwana rainforests of Australia are located in the two eastern Australian states of New South Wales and Queensland.

The protected area in New South Wales includes the following national parks:

Border Ranges National Park

This national park is about 140 km southwest of Brisbane and borders the Lamington National Park to the south. 300 km² of the area of the park are covered by rainforest. The Border Ranges National Park is located in the eastern Australian state of New South Wales. The protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia were added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites in 1994.

Mount Warning National Park

The Border Ranges National Park is located in the eastern Australian state of New South Wales The mountain is 1156 m high formed from the remains of the Tweed volcano and protrudes like a finger in the middle of the huge crater. It is located about 800 km north of Sydney, He was the emblem of the seafarers and warned the ships about the reefs off the coast. Captain James Cook gave the mountain his "cautionary" name in 1770. According to the traditional laws of the Bundjalung tribe, only certain people are allowed to climb Mount Warning, because the mountain is sacred to the indigenous people, the Wollumbin. The protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia were added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites in 1994

Nightcap National Park

The area of the Night Cap National Park is 50 km². The Terania Creek flows through the park, making up for its difference in altitude with an impressive waterfall and plunging into a deep pool. In the Whian Whian State Forest Park there is another impressive waterfall, the Minyon Falls, in Rummery Park, many koala bears live, the Open Air Cathedral - in Bexhill and a ceremonial place of the Aborigines. The sanctuaries of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the Middle East Australia s were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994

Washpool National Park

The Washpool NP is characterized by volcanic rock masses and rainforest. The rare water dragon lives in the park, she is a good climber and swimmer and diver. It lies on branches that protrude over the water. You can stay about 30 minutes under water and is a "Fast omnivores".The protected areas of temperate and subtropical rainforest in the central eastern Australia were taken in 1994 in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites

New England - National Park

The highest point of the park is about 1550 m high. From there you have an overview of the beauties of the park, you can even look as far as the ocean, which is about 100 km away. A rare bird lives in the park, the lyre-tail. This bird can deceptively imitate the singing voices of other birds. Hire there is still a jungle with moss-covered Antarctic beeches, which can only be found here in Australia. 'Gem Fossicking' is exciting, where you can look for gemstones yourself. However, you have to buy a license for this. The protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1994.

Dorrigo - National Park

Dorrigo Park has an area of about 120 km² and is located on the Waterfall Way about 2 km east of Dorrigo. There is a "skywalk" from which (a platform above the treetops) one can watch birds well. The protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1994.

Werrikimbe - National Park

This national park is a "Wilderness" Park. The area consists mainly of subtropical rainforest. There are fascinating waterfalls on the upper Hastings River. The protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1994.

Barrington Tops - National Park

The area of the Barrington Tops National Park is 743 square kilometers. It is located about 200 km north of Sydney. The park has subtropical rainforests in the lowlands all the way up to the peaks. The animal world is rich in species and there are some animals that were considered extinct that have survived here. Giant gray kangaroos, the marsupials pademelons, cockatoos, flat-tailed parakeets, hunters' nests, ant urchins and platypus still have their habitat in the park. The protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1994.

Lord Howe Archipelago

The Lord Howe Archipelago is located about 630 km off the east coast of the Australian state of New South Wales in the Tasman Sea. The archipelago includes Ball's Pyramid, Roach Island, Admiralty Islands, Mutton Bird Island, Gower Island, Blackburn Island and numerous coral islands.

The area of the sea around the islands has an area of approx. 480 km². Rugged rock faces rise 900 m almost vertically. The sea is up to 2000 m deep on the rocks. Sandy beaches and lagoons alternate with the rocks. The biodiversity of the flora and fauna is great and, above all, there are many endemic (only living here) plants and animals such as B. the Lord Howe stick insect, the Solander petrel, the clown fish and reef fish.

The Lord Howe archipelago was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1982.

Northern Territory

Kakadu National Park Kakadu

National Park is 200 km east of the city of Darwin in the Northern Territory. The area of the park is approx. 20,000 km². The biodiversity of the birds in the park is particularly great because there are different types of landscape such as mangrove swamps and extensive mud flats, tropical forest areas. Numerous ducks, geese and wading birds live in the wetlands. To the east is a sandstone cliff that towers 400 m above the dense forest areas. A large number of crocodiles live in the watercourses. The park has been continuously inhabited by humans for 50,000 years. Accordingly, it is also rich in cave paintings and stone carvings on rock overhangs on the edge of the sandstone plateau of Arnhem Land. They are well preserved and can be viewed. You can find more information about the park atAnimals.

The Kakadu National Park was added to both the UNESCO World Heritage List and the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981.

Uluru National Park - Kata Tjuta

The protected area is located in the middle of Australia about 440 km south of Alice Springs. The area of the park is approximately 1300 km². About 500 million years ago, the entire area was an inland sea that dried up. Nowadays the landscape of the park consists mainly of desert, in which animals and plants adapted to the climate survive. Ayers Rock is known, which is particularly eye-catching due to its red rocks in the middle of the desert.

Ayers Rock - also called Uluru - has a height of 560 m and an area of approx. 3.3 km². Its age is said to be around 600 million years. In addition, it is religiously significant for the Aborigines. At sunrise and sunset you can admire a spectacle at Ayers Rock and the rock group Kata Tjuta, which is caused by the incidence of light and makes different shades of red on the mountains shine. The rock group Kata Tjuta also - also called the Olgas - consist of 36 hills, the highest mountain of which is 561 m.

A variety of desert plants were recognized and used by the residents as medicinal products such as B. the red sap of the blood tree, with which wounds were disinfected and which was used for inhalation against colds. Tools and weapons like boomerangs were carved out of the wood of the mulga bush and the blood tree. Many plants are endemic (only growing here) and require bushfires to reproduce. Some of the plants are also used as food, such as red eucalyptus and the seeds of an acacia species. Numerous wildflowers bloom here in the rainy season. The so-called snake tongue plant is threatened with extinction

Fixed rules must be observed in the park, otherwise it will be expensive, for example it is strictly forbidden to take soil material with you and it is also not allowed to use films or photographs for commercial purposes, to leave paths or to enter and/or to the holy places taking photos.

Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park was added to both the UNESCO World Heritage List and the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994.

The Uluṟu-Kata-Tjuṯa National Park received the highest award from UNESCO - the Picasso Gold Medal - for the preservation of nature and the preservation of the Anangu culture.

Queensland

Protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia (Gondwana Rainforests of Australia)

Australia is one of the driest continents on earth, which is why it is all the more important to protect the wetlands. The various protected parks are home to a large number of rare and threatened rainforest species. The rainforest parks alternate with densely populated areas. Almost all parks have eucalyptus forests but also subtropical rainforests. In these parks animals and plants are given a home. Mammals such as the platypus, an egg-laying mammal.

The gnarled, moss-covered trunks of the "Antarctic Southern Beeches" in the rainforests at higher altitudes, such as in Dorrigo and New England National Park, are unique to see. There are strangler figs that grow on other trees and then crush them. Mosses and lichens and even orchids grow over giant trees like the "Yellow Carabeen" in whose treetops "hanging gardens" consisting of ferns grow. Black-headed Wippflöters, the green-cat-bird, the endemic (only occurring here) black-lily-tail so, the bush grouse, the rust-bellied thicket bird and parakeets of all kinds and of course all kinds of marsupials live in the forest.

The Gondwana rainforests of Australia are located in the two eastern Australian states of New South Wales and Queensland.

The following national parks belong to the protected area in Queensland:

Springbrook National Park

Springbrook National Park is 78 km south of Brisbaneim in the Gold Coast hinterland. The national park can be divided into 4 parts, the Springbrook Plateau, the Natural Bridge, the Numinbah. Basin and Mount Cougal. The Mount Cougal area is approximately 20 km inland from Currumbin. Its area is approx. 8 km². The Natural Bridge is a rock arch over the River Cave Creek. The arch was created by a waterfall. In the Springbrook Plateau, many different waterfalls tumble down the rocks in gorges. The Numinbah Valley is a depression between the high plateau of the Lamington and Sprinbrook National Parks. Rainforest grows in the depression and there is a glow worm cave into which a waterfall pours. The temperate and subtropical rainforest sanctuaries in Central Eastern Australia were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994. Lamington National Park

Nightcap National Park has an area of around 206 km² with around 500 waterfalls. The populations of pennant parakeets, king parakeets and black cockatoos are particularly numerous. The protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1994

Mount Chinghee National Park

The protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1994 .

Mount Barney National Park

The Mount Barney National Park has a height of approx. 1360 m and is partly overgrown with impenetrable rainforest, the landscape changes into steppe and into eucalyptus forests. There are hardly any marked paths to keep tourists away from the area. The biodiversity is great, including small kangaroos. The protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1994

Main Range National Park

The Main Range National Park is about 120 km from Brisbane. The park extends about 40 km along the Great Dividing Range (is Australia's largest mountain range, which extends from the northeastern tip of Queensland along the entire east coast through New South Wales to Victoria). The vegetation is very different and ranges from rainforest to eucalyptus forests to grass trees. The protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1994.

Mount Mistake National Park

The protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in central eastern Australias were added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites in 1994.

Riversleigh/Naracoorte Fossil Deposit (Australian Fossil Mammal Sites)

The park is located in Queensland and the Northern Territory. The park is one of the ten most important areas with fossil deposits.

A replica of the rainforest that stood in the area 200,000 years ago can be viewed at the Wonambi Fossil Center. Animals that lived at the time have also been reconstructed. In the caves at Victoria Fossil Cave you can admire the large numbers of skeletons and bones of marsupials, birds and lizards from prehistoric times. The finds of the "Monotremata" (transitional forms from reptiles to mammals), which were probably almost 150,000 years old, were particularly important for research. Skeletons of giant animals have been found that are probably around 100,000 years old. There are countless bats living in the Bat Cave, and thousands of them leave their roosts at dusk. Infrared cameras can be used to observe the inside of the cave, as access to the cave is prohibited. In the Bool Lagoon Game Reserve there is a water landscape in which around 150 different species of birds nest. The Riversleigh/Naracoorte fossil deposit was added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites in 1994.

Great Barrier Reef (Great Barrier Reef)

The Great Barrier Reef is located on the east coast of the state of Queensland and is the largest coral reef in the world, and it extends from the Torres Strait before Papua New Guinea to Lady Elliot Island from. It was run aground on the reef by James Cook in 1770 with his ship. The area of the Great Barrier Reef is approximately 348,000 km².

The entire Great Barrier Reef consists of a chain of around 3000 reefs and around 1000 small islands. Most of the islands belonging to the reef are the tops of sunken mountains.

On the side facing the coast, the reef is separated from the mainland by a lagoon. On the side facing the open sea, the barrier reef falls to a depth of 2,000 m. There are around 450 different types of coral, 150 different types of fish, sponges, numerous molluscs and echinoderms on the barrier reef. When there is a great abundance of fish, many birds live there and there are around 200 different species of birds there. The endangered green turtles and hawksbill turtles and manatees deserve special mention.

The Great Barrier Reef was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981.

Wet Tropics National Park in Queensland

The park extends over a length of 450 km along the northeast coast of Queensland. The Wet Tropics of Queensland are a protected area in the northeast of the country, opposite the Great Barrier Reef. The area is approx. 8950 km². Mainly tropical rainforests grow in the area. The area was settled by the Aboriginal tribes. Gold finds encouraged mining and the rainforests began to be cut down to grow sugar cane. In the protected area is also the highest mountain, Mount Bartle Frere with a height of 1622 m and the longest waterfall in Australia. Landscape types are mainly dry forest, tree savannahs, swamps and mangroves. There are numerous streams and rivers along the coast.

The biodiversity of plants and animals is great, so many endemic (only living here) animals live in the area, such as amphibians, birds such as the unfit to fly cassowary and big foot fowl, tree kangaroos, musk rat kangaroos, spiders, bats and rodents.

The Wet Tropics National Park in Queensland was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1998.

Fraser Island (Fraser Island)

Fraser Island, the largest sand island in the world, has an area of 1840 km² and is located about 190 km north of Brisbane off the east coast of Australia.

There are dunes with a height of 240 m. Sand plants stabilize the dunes so that they cannot migrate. There are 200 freshwater lakes on the island. The highway is only accessible with four-wheel drive cars. The biodiversity of the flora and fauna is great. Sharks, dolphins, sea turtles, humpback whales and fork tailed manatees are abundant in the waters around the island. There are various types of landscape on the island such as mangrove swamps, scrub and eucalyptus forests and tropical rainforests that also thrive on sand, it is the last retreat of the dingoes. Furthermore, around 40 species of mammals and over 350 species of birds live there, including the Australian oystercatcher and the tern. Many species of fish and freshwater turtles live in the inner lakes.

The endemic (only growing here) Satinay pine was indiscriminately felled for a long time. The extinction of the pine, which is water-resistant due to its high oil content, was banned in 1975.

The indigenous people, the Aborigines, lived there for 5500 years, but the island may have been settled long before that.

The combination of rainforest and changing sand dunes is what makes the island so attractive. Fraser Island was added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites in 1992.

South Australia

There are currently no UNESO world cultural or natural heritage sites in the state of South Australia. At the moment there are no proposals for the state of South Australia to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Tasmania

Macquarie Island (Macquarie Island)

Macquarie Island was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1997. This sub-Antarctic (circumpolar) island lies north of the Antarctic convergence and is thus the southernmost point of Australia and belongs to the state of Tasmania. The island is located in the southern ocean, southeast of Australia and southwest of New Zealand and covers an area of approximately 128 km2. The highest mountain is Mt. Hamilton, with a height of 433 m. The island's climate is one of the most even in the world. The temperature is permanently between 3 and 7 °C. The island is therefore not covered by ice or snow. There are numerous smaller lakes on the island. There are no trees on the island, but a giant herb that can grow up to 1 m high.

On July 11, 1810, the island was discovered by Frederick Hasselborough, who named it after the Governor of New South Wales Lachlan Macquarie. The seal grounds began to be pillaged very soon. When there were hardly any seals left, penguins were hunted. In 1905 there was an associated industrial facility at Nuggets Point. A cabbage grows on the island, which was eaten by the seals to prevent scurvy. The ANARE research station has existed since 1948. Tourists must pay a fee of AUS $ 150 upon entering the island.

National parks of West Tasmania (Tasmanian Wilderness)

One of the few rainforests with a temperate climate is located in the 13,800 km² parks, which are the largest protected area in Australia. Based on findings in caves, human habitation can be assumed for over 20,000 years. It is also noteworthy that these national parks take up about 20% of the total area of Tasmania. The national parks of Western Tasmania were added to both the UNESCO World Heritage List and the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1982.

Victoria

Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens (Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens) (2004)

The Royal Exhibiton Hall in Melbourne was designed by architect Joseph Reed for the World Exhibition 1880th He used wood, slate, and steel as building materials. He combined Byzantine, Romanesque and Renaissance style elements in the building. The dome is modeled on the Duomo of Florence. One reason for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List is the fact that the ensemble is one of the few witnesses of the world exhibition architecture. The Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2004.

Budj Bim cultural landscape (2019)

The Budj Bim cultural landscape is located in the state of Victoria near the villages of Byaduk and Hamilton. The 178 m high Budja Bim or Mount Eccles is an extinct volcano. Here is the Rak (also Condah Lake), the kurtonitj, which is characterized by wetlands, and the protected area of the Tyrendarra, which is criss-crossed by rocky mountain ridges and large swamps.

It is a protected landscape area that has significant cultural attractions of Aboriginal culture, the indigenous people of Australia. They had built one of the oldest aquaculture systems in the world from the soft lava rock of the Budj Bim volcano, consisting of canals and dykes as well as ponds for breeding and catching the short-fin eel. It should be noted that Mount Eccles National Park is located in the Mount Eccles reserve.

The cultural landscape was entered on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2019.

Western Australia

Shark Bay Nature Park (Shark Bay in Western Australia)

Shark Bay is a sea bay and is located at the westernmost point of Australia about 800 km north of Perth. With 4,800 km² it has the largest seaweed lake bed in the world. The manatee feels at home here among other animals. Dolphins play in the sea. Particularly worth seeing are the lumpy limescale deposits that make the coast unique. Shark Bay Natural Park was added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites in 1991..

Purnululu National Park

The Purnululu National Park is about 160 km south of Kununarra and 100 km northeast of Halls Creek in the state of Western Australia. The area of the protected park is about 3100 km². In the park you can find numerous endemic (only growing here) plants such as B. the Livistona palm, which grows on particularly steep rock walls, there it squeezes into the crevices of the rock and clings. There are also large eucalyptus forests, acacias and silver tree bushes and a variety of different grasses thrive in the sandy plains. There are around 130 different species of birds here.

The indigenous people have lived in the park for around 20,000 years, so there are many art venues for the indigenous people. In the red-gray tiger sandstone domes and the mountainous area, the Echidna Chasm, a very narrow rocky gorge, is particularly worth seeing. You can go into the narrow gorge that gets narrower and narrower and continues to go on. Also worth seeing are the “stone beehives” with their stripe patterns that are up to 250 m high and look like an unusual labyrinth in the rocks. The Purnululu National Park was added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites in 2003. The park is of fascinating natural beauty. The park is open from April 1st to December 31st and can be visited with the Australian National Park Pass.

Ningaloo Coast

The Ningaloo Coral Reef is located very close to the west coast of Australia. Sometimes it is only 100 m from the mainland. Its length is approx. 250 km and has an area of approx. 700,000 ha. The reef is home to more than 200 different types of coral and over 500 species of fish such as manta rays and stingrays and many types of shark, including the giant whale shark. Turtles and fork tailed manatees, also known as sea pigs, also live there. In the months of June to October you can see humpback whales, which are near the coast at this time.

Visitors can take boat trips, take scuba diving courses, and swim and snorkel wonderfully. In the north of the reef you can admire the 60 m high rock needle "Shoeman`s Sting". The naval station "Navy Pier" is a paradise for divers.

The Ningaloo Coast was added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites in 2011.

Capital Territory: Sightseeing

UNESCO World Heritage Site

There are currently no UNESO world cultural or natural heritage sites in the state of the Australian Capital Territory. There are currently no proposals for inclusion on the UNESCO World Heritage List for the state of the Australian Capital Territory.

You can find all Australian World Heritage Sites at goruma here >>>.

Canberra

Special structures

Old Parliament House

The sessions of the Senate and the House of Representatives took place between 1927 and 1988 in the former seat of the Australian legislature. Located at the foot of Capital Hill and within the Parliamentary Triangle, the building, which was replaced by the new Parliament House in the 1980s, now serves as an exhibition space for the Parliament Museum and part of the National Portrait Gallery.

Parliament House

www.aph.gov.au

The seat of the Australian legislature serves the assemblies of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The structure was opened in 1988 and is located on Capital Hill. What is particularly interesting about the building is that its roof is covered with lawn. Inaugurated in 1988 by Queen Elizabeth II, it towers over the Old Parliament House and offers impressive interiors such as the Great Hall, which can also be booked for weddings.

Australia War Memorial

This memorial contains the ANZAC hall, which commemorates the fallen soldiers of the Australian-New Zealand army in the two world wars. ANZAC Day is now the highest national holiday that is also celebrated in New Zealand. Many Australians and New Zealanders take this day as an opportunity to visit the battlefield in Gallipoli, Turkey.

Lanyon Homestaed

An old farmhouse that is now a listed building. In this you will find a gallery and a handicraft shop.

Telstra Tower

Located on Black Mountain, this 195 meter high transmission tower is probably one of the most famous landmarks of the Australian capital. It was completed in 1980 and, in addition to the various telecommunications equipment, is also home to a viewing platform, a revolving restaurant, a café, a souvenir shop and a museum for telecommunications technology.

Deep Space Communication Complex

The Deep Space Communication Complex belongs to NASA. It is used to contact different satellites. A visitor center shows an exhibition about various space probes as well as a moonstone brought to earth by the Apollo mission.

The Lodge

The official residence of the Australian Prime Minister and his family is a two-story building in the middle of an 18,000 m² park. It was built in 1927 and was moved into the same year by Stanley Bruce, the first Prime Minister to live here. The Lodge is only open to the public once or twice a year on “Open Days”.

Museums and galleries

National Museum of Australia

www.nma.gov.au

Everything that has anything to do with Australia is shown here in this museum. The visitor gets an insight into the prehistory, the culture of the Aborigines up to a daring look into the future of the country.

National Gallery of Australia

nga.gov.au

This is an important art museum in which paintings and sculptures from the 19th and 20th centuries were exhibited.

National Portrait Gallery

www.portrait.gov.au

This museum offers an interesting collection of portraits of famous Australians. Part of it is in the Old Parliament House.

National Library of Australia

www.nla.gov.au

The Australian National Library is located on the shores of Lake Burley Griffin in a building that was modeled on the Parthenon. According to the Australian Copyright Act, a deposit copy of every book published in Australia must be available in the National Library, among others. No wonder that the shelves of the National Library are around 40 kilometers long.

Canberra Museum and Gallery

www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au

Located in the city center, this museum features exhibits on the art and history of Canberra. In addition to a permanent exhibition, you can also visit regularly changing exhibitions.

National Archives of Australia

www.naa.gov.au

The National Archives of Australia hold state and historically important documents. There are also photographs, posters, maps, films, plays and much more to see. The two most important documents in Australian history can be found in the main building. The Royal Commission of Assent created the State of Australia, and the Australian Constitution forms the basis for Australian law.

Theaters and opera houses

Canberra Theater

www.canberratheatre.org.au

The central arts stage of the Australian Capital Territory opened in 1965. It is located in the city center and once formed the Canberra Theater Complex together with the Playhouse. The theater has 1,244 seats and offers both theater and music performances.

Llewellyn Hall

This hall of the music college has 1,442 seats and is one of the most renowned Australian concert halls for classical music.

Playhouse

The second most important theater in Canberra is the 618-seat Playhouse. It is also used for concerts.

Street Theater

This theater is located in the Australian National University and especially offers amateur performances.

Churches

St John the Baptist Church

The Anglican Church, dedicated to St John the Baptist, is the oldest church and building in Canberra. It was built between 1841 and 1845. The very first school in town was founded on the site of the church.

Universities

Australian Catholic University

www.acu.edu.au

The only state Catholic university in Australia currently trains around 13,000 students who, by the way, do not have to be Catholic. It has existed since 1991 and is spread over the locations Brisbane, Sydney (North Sydney and Strathfield), Ballarat, Melbourne and Canberra.

Australian National University

www.anu.edu.au

This educational institution, which is one of the leading Australian universities, has a 1.4 km² campus area, which extends in the Acton district. There are also branch offices in Kioloa and Darwin. The 13,000 students also have two observatories at Canberra and Coonabarabran.

Charles Sturt University

www.csu.edu.au

Founded in 1989, this university is currently educating more than 33,000 students. The university enjoys an excellent reputation and is divided into ten locations spread across the country. Besides Canberra, these locations are Albury-Wodonga, Bathurst, Brisbane, Broken Hill, Dubbo, Goulburn, Orange, Sydney and Wagga Wagga.

Royal Military College Duntroon

www.defence.gov.au/ARMY/rmc

This military academy is located in the Campbell district. This is where cadets and other selected candidates are prepared for a career as a career officer. It was founded in 1911.

University of Canberra

www.canberra.edu.au

Over 10,000 students currently visit the 1.2 km² campus area with its 23 buildings. In 1967 the UC was founded. The Stonefest, arguably the most popular music festival in the country, is held on their premises at the end of October.

Zoological and Botanical Gardens

Australian National Botanic Gardens

The botanical garden at the beginning of Black Mountain. The Botanical Garden has a large collection of various Australian plants. The collection is the largest in Australia. The botanical garden offers a path through a piece of rainforest. Guided tours are also offered.

National Zoo and Aquarium

www.zooquarium.com.au

This private zoo and aquarium is located on the western end of Lake Burley Griffin and near the Scrivener Dam. The combination of an animal park and an aquarium is unique in the whole of Germany. In the zoo you can see animals living in Australia, including the largest concentration of big cats in the country.

Natural beauties

Canberra Nature Park

www.environment.act.gov.au

This network of 30 different nature reserves in Canberra includes different types of vegetation such as forests and lowland grass meadows. The former pasture areas are now completely natural again and are protected by the National Capital Authority. The nature park also includes many of the city's scenic hills, which give it a very natural look. Canberra's reputation as the "Bush capital" is based on this, especially since the city's residents usually live only a few minutes' walk from a publicly accessible nature reserve.

Lake Burley-Griffin

The reservoir, built in 1963, is named after the architect Walter Burley Griffin (1876-1937), who also played a decisive role in the architectural design of the capital Canberra.

Namadgi National Park

In the park there are some, by Australian standards, very high mountains. They are higher than 1,500 m. Camping and bushwalking are the popular activities here.

Official tourist site: www.canberratourism.com.au

New South Wales: Sightseeing

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Sydney Opera House (Sydney Opera House)

The opera of Sydney was established in 2007 in the list of UNESCO - World Heritage Sites added. The opera was built in the years 1957-1966 according to the designs of the Danish architect Jørn Oberg Utzon (born 1918). Utzon emerged as the winner of the international competition. The building is designed from spherical parts of a sphere that jut into the sky like sails on a peninsula in Sydney Harbor. Utzon had such a falling out with the city of Sydney during construction that he left Australia in anger and never saw the opera there in its perfect state. For this reason, the interior was not planned by him.

Lake District Willandra (Willandra Lakes Region)

The lake area of Willandra was also included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1981, both in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites as well. The region is known for its fossil finds. It can also be proven that the region was inhabited by humans 45,000 - 60,000 years ago. This makes the area extremely important for Australia and the study of human evolution.

Greater Blue Mountains

The Greater Blue Mountains were added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites in 2000. The park is known for its large number of different plants. There are 94 species of eucalyptus in the park alone. The Blue Mountains got their name because of their blue shimmer, which is created by the evaporating oil of the eucalyptus trees.

Protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia (Gondwana Rainforests of Australia)

The protected areas of the temperate and subtropical rainforest in the middle east of Australia were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1994.

The nature park is located in Queensland and New South Wales. The park is home to a large number of rare and endangered rainforest species in several protected areas.

Lord Howe Archipelago

The Lord Howe Archipelago was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1982. The archipelago is about 700 km northeast of Sydney.

Major cities of New South Wales

Sydney

Sydney has around 3.6 million residents, making it the largest city in all of Australia. Sydney is also the capital of the state of New South Wales. Sydney is located on the east coast of Australia directly on the Pacific.

Newcastle

Newcastle has around 290,000 residents, making it the second largest city in the state of New South Wales. The city is located on the Australian east coast directly on the Pacific about 150 km north of Sydney. The city is best known for its very large port.

Wollongong

Wollongong has a population of around 280,000 and is the third largest city in the state. The city is located about 70 km south of Sydney on the Pacific coast.

Tweed Heads

Tweed Heads has about 52,000 residents, making it the fifth largest city in New South Wales. The city is located in the north of the state, it is the northernmost city of New South Wales, on the Pacific coast. Tweed Heads was founded in 1886.

Special structures

Harbor Bridge in Sydney

The Harbor Bridge was built in 1923-1932 by the engineer John Job Carew Bradfiled. He emerged as the winner of the international competition in 1928. The bridge was constructed as a single arch bridge with four pylons, reflecting the Art Deco style of the time. The pylons have no static function and were therefore criticized at the time they were erected. The bridge has now become a symbol for Sydney and Australia.

Sea Cliff Bridge

Grand Pacific Drive is one of the greatest roads in the world and runs over the Sea Cliff Bridge on the coast of Illawarra in New South Wales. It meanders along the Australian coast and in some places protrudes over the ocean.

The bridge has two lanes and a footpath and cycle path.

It connects the two villages of Coalcliff and Clifton.

Fort Denison

Fort Denison was used as a prison and reformatory at the beginning of the settlement. Fort Denison now acts as a tourist attraction, open seven days a week. You can eat in the local restaurant or relax in the café. Guided tours can be booked at the Sydney Harbor National Park Information Center.

Phone: +61 2 9247 5033

Anzac War Memorial

The Anzac Memorial stands in the middle of Hyde Park in Sydney. It was built by the architect C. Bruce Dellit in 1929-1934 in memory of the Battle of the Dardanelles.

Elisabeth Farm

The 1793 building has a reputation for being the oldest white man's building in Australia. It was designed by Mc Arthur, the future resident, and erected as a stone building. It is located in Sydney.

Experiment Farm Cottage

The building was constructed five years after the Elisabeth Farm. The architect was John Harris. It is located in Sydney.

Old Government House

The building is the oldest public building in Australia. It was built in 1799 by the architect James Bloodsworth and expanded in 1815 by the architect Johns Watts. It is located in Sydney.

The Strand Arcade, old shopping gallery

The Strand Arcade with its glass roof is one of the few arcades that have survived from its time in Sydney. It was built in 1891-1892 by architects John B. Spencer and Charles E. Fairfax. The arcade was restored in 1978 after a fire.

Queen Victoria Building

In the midst of ultra-modern buildings stands the magnificent Victorian Queen Victoria Building. It spreads into Sydney's center and measures 190 meters in length. It is defined by a large dome as well as arcades, colonnades and other smaller domes. The building, completed in 1898, houses several shops and branded stores on four floors. The building, which is connected to Sydney City Hall via an underground passage, has innumerable monuments and display cases in the wonderful interior.

Cadman's Cottage

This wonderful sandstone house is one of the oldest structures on the Australian continent. It was built in 1816 directly on the water. It was named after John Cadman (1772-1848), a Sydney harbor master who lived in the house between 1826 and 1845. The "National Park and Wildlife Service" is housed in the house, which is no longer located on the water today.

Sydney Tower (also called AMP Tower)

At 305 meters, the second highest tower in the southern hemisphere after the Sky Tower (Auckland) offers visitors a viewing platform at a height of 250 meters from which one can get indescribable views over Sydney. The tower, constructed between 1974 and 1981, houses a huge water tank on each floor with the volume of 162,000 liters of water, which has to be counterbalanced by the wind forces. In addition to the gigantic view of the harbor, the Pacific, Botany Bay and the Blue Mountains, the tower also offers two restaurants and a café.

http://www.sydneytower.com.au/

www.centrepoint.com.au

Museums and galleries

Astronomy Museum/Sydney

Sydney has had an observatory since 1858, which has housed the Astronomy Museum since 1982.

Australian Museum/Sydney

Australia's largest natural history museum has exhibitions on Aboriginal and Pacific island culture.

Museum of Contemporary Art/Sydney

On George Street is the MCA with its collection of international art of the 20th century.

www.mca.com.au

Museum of Sydney/Sydney

Opened in 1995, the museum provides information on the early history of Sydney and the colony of New South Wales through collections and multimedia shows.

National Maritime Museum/Sydney

The museum is located directly on the Pyrmont Bridge and provides knowledge about the past and present of the Australian seafaring nation.

 

Powerhouse Museum/Sydney

The Powerhouse Museum deals with topics such as art, technology and social history.

Sydney Jewish Museum/Sydney

The Sydney Jewish Museum documents the history of the Jews in Australia and the Holocaust.

Art Gallery of New South Wales

The State Art Gallery of Sydney is adjacent to the Botanical Gardens and displays a wide variety of collections of art objects from the period between the Gothic and the present. The "Yiribana", probably the largest permanent Australian exhibition of art by the Aborigines and Torres Strait islanders, is also well worth seeing.

Victoria Barracks in Sydney

The Victoria Barracks in Sydney is a historic army base in Sydney in the suburb of Paddington between Oxford Street and Moore Park Road.

The buildings here were constructed from Hawkesbury sandstone by Regency convicts between 1841 and 1846.

The main block was completed in 1846 and was designed for 650 soldiers and was originally occupied by British soldiers. The British troops had left the barracks in 1870.

The site is on the 2004 Commonwealth Heritage List and contains one of the most important groups of Edwardian military buildings in Australia.

The New South Wales Army Museum is located in the district's original military prison, built in 1847.

It can be visited on Thursdays from 10:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. and the first Sunday of the month; it is closed in December and January.

Theaters and opera houses

State Theater in Sydney

The pompous building from 1929 was built on the model of the Paris Opera. The architects were Henry White and John Eberson.

Address: 49 Market Street, Sydney.

Capitol Theater in Sydney

The building has been rebuilt several times. The building, originally built as a market in the years 1892-1893, was converted into a hippodrome between 1913 and 1916 and converted into a cinema in 1927-1928. The building and its fairytale interior were carefully restored from 1989 to 1995.

Hayden Orpheum Theater in Sydney

The Art Deco cinema is still used as a cinema today. It has z. B. a working Wulitzer organ.

Churches

St. Mary`s Cathedral

The beginning was in 1821 with the laying of the foundation stone of St. Mary`s Chapel (chapel).

In 1835 the chapel becomes the cathedral of the first Catholic bishop of Sydney - John Bede Polding.

Polding becomes the first Archbishop of Sydney in 1842. In 1851 the expansion was continued according to the plans of the British archaeologist and architect Augustus Welby Northmore (1812-18529, a representative and pioneer of the Neo-Gothic. On June 29, 1865 the building burned to the ground The foundation stone of the cathedral planned by William Wilkinson Wardell (1823-1899) was laid The central tower was completed The almost finished cathedral was opened by Archbishop Kelly in September 1928. In 1986 and 1995 Pope John Paul II visited the cathedral. And finally, in 2000, the Spiers planned by Wardell were completed. Pope Benedict XVI came to the finished church, built in neo-Gothic style, in July 2008 on the occasion of the World Youth Day. to visit.

www.stmaryscathedral.org.au

[email protected]

Sports and leisure facilities

Wylie's Sea Bath

The bath was designed in 1907 by architect HA Wylie. At that time it was one of the few places where women and men were allowed to bathe together. In 1911, the first Australian swimming competitions took place in the bath. In 1993-1995 the bathroom was restored by the architects Allen Jack and Cottier. The bath is in Sydney, right by the sea. The pool is built into the rocky coast.

Universities

Australian Catholic University

As the only state Catholic university in Australia, ACU, founded in 1991, currently has around 13,000 students. The university is spread over six locations in three states and one federal territory.

http: //www.acu.edu.a

Macquarie University

Named after the first governor of New South Wales, the university, which was founded in 1964, currently has more than 30,000 students. With a foreigner quota of over 50%, Macquarie University is one of the most international universities in the world.

http://www.mq.edu.au

University of New South Wales

The university, which was founded in 1949 and now has around 40,000 students, is one of the most respected teaching and research institutions in Australia, with the engineering disciplines being particularly famous.

http://www.unsw.edu.au

University of Technology

The most famous alumni of the University of Technology, one of the best universities in the world, included actor Hugh Jackman ("X-Men").

http://www.uts.edu.au

 

University of Sydney

Founded in 1850 and thus the oldest university in Australia, it is one of the best universities in the country. The sandstone building was built in the neo-Gothic style, based on the medieval model, from 1854 to 1859, based on the models in Cambridge and Oxford. The planning architect was Edmund Blacket. Approximately 45,000 students are currently studying in the following faculties:

  • Agricultural Sciences
  • architecture
  • Business administration
  • Engineering
  • Art studies
  • medicine
  • Natural sciences
  • pharmacy
  • law Sciences
  • Dentistry

http://www.usyd.edu.au

Aquarium, zoos and botanical gardens

Royal Botanic Gardens

The 30 hectare gardens extend in the middle of the hectic city and were established in 1816. Up to a million different plant species are at home here. You can easily get through the park by train.

www.rbgsyd.gov.au

Sydney Aquarium

An almost uniquely beautiful aquarium with numerous animals - especially fish, of course. In three pools - protected by an acrylic glass tunnel on the floor - you can get very close to sharks and other sea creatures.

http://www.sydneyaquarium.com.au

Taronga Zoo

The Sydney Zoological Garden, opened in 1916, is located on the banks of Sydney Harbor and is divided into eight zoo-geographical zones. A total of more than 2,600 animals from 340 species are settled on the 28.7 hectares. The large zoo can be accessed via a cable car.

http://www.zoo.nsw.gov.au

Sydney Wildlife World

Australia's fascinating animal world is represented in this over 7,000 km² park with over 6,000 animals. Many of them are already threatened with extinction, but can still be seen in their natural environment. The park also impresses with trees up to twelve meters high, waterfalls and rainforests.

www.sydneywildlifeworld.com.au

Natural beauties

Morton National Park

Warrumbungle National Park

Minnamurra Rainforest

Mount Warning

Nimbin Rocks

These rocks near the town of Nimbin in northern New South Wales are striking because of their strange shape. They are of volcanic origin and around 20 million years old.

Tuntable Falls

approx. 10 km from Nimbin are the Tuntable Falls, which know how to impress with a drop height of 123 m.

activities

  • Surfing: Wollongong, Byron Bay, Port Macquarie, Bondi Beach

Northern Territories: Sightseeing

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Kakadu National Park

Kakadu National Park was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1981, both in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites as well.

Kakadu National Park is 200 km east of the city of Darwin in the Northern Territory. The area of the park is approx. 20,000 km².

The biodiversity of the birds in the park is particularly great because there are different types of landscape such as mangrove swamps and extensive mud flats, tropical forest areas. Numerous ducks, geese and wading birds live in the wetlands.

The park has been continuously inhabited by people for 40,000 years. Accordingly, it is also rich in cave paintings and stone carvings.

Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park The Uluru - Kata Tjuta

National Park was added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites and UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1994.

The park, about 480 km south of Alice Springs, is known for its red rock, Ayers Rock, in the middle of the desert.

In addition to the fascinating nature, it has a very special spiritual meaning for the Aborigines.

Major cities in the Northern Territory

Darwin

Darwin is the largest city and capital of the Northern Territory with around 120,000 residents.

The city was founded in 1869 and its history was severely damaged by cyclones several times. Darwin is particularly interesting as a starting point for tours to Litchfield National Park or Kakadu National Park. There are flight connections to Asia and Oceania from Darwin International Airport.

Palmerston

Palmerston has about 25,000 residents and is located on the north coast of Australia only about 25 km from Darwin.

Alice Springs

Alice Springs has a population of around 22,000 and is the only city of this size near the geographic center of Australia. Alice Springs was founded in 1872. Alice Springs is particularly interesting as a starting point for excursions to the Red Center.

Katherine

Katherine is the fourth largest city in the Northern Territory with about 6,000 residents. The city is located about 300 km southeast of Darwin inland. The city is often used as a starting point for tours of the Katherine Gorge National Park.

Special structures

Old Courthouse/Darwin

The Old Courthouse in Darwin was built in 1884 and has served over the years as housing for the Navy, the Northern Territory administration, and as a prison.

Prehistoric and archaeological sites

Rock paintings in the Kakadu National Park

The paintings, which are up to 20,000 years old, number over 5,000. However, these also include modern ones.

However, most of them are not open to the public.

Museums and galleries

Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory/ Darwin

The museum and gallery offer collections of regional art, history and culture. Other focal points are the presentation of Aboriginal works of art and the particularly interesting collection of scientific specimens.

Old Timer's Museum

Aviation Museum/Alice Springs

The Aviation Museum exhibits a number of older airplanes that were vital for the city in the past.

National Pioneer Women's Hall of Fame/Alice Springs

The museum is dedicated to, as the name suggests, the pioneers of the outback.

Adelaide House/Alice Springs

The Adelaide House in Alice Springs was the first hospital in Central Australia. Nowadays it's a museum.

Galleries in Ubirr and Nourlangie

The galleries display Aboriginal rock paintings that are rarely seen.

Katherine Art Gallery

Charles Darwin University

Charles Darwin University (formerly Northern Territory University) in Darwin is the only university in the Northern Territory. The predecessor of the university was founded in 1989 and merged with Centralian College in Alice Springs to form Charles Darwin University in 2004. The university's headquarters are in Darwin. The university has offices in Alice Springs, Palmerston and Katherine. Approximately 20,000 enrolled students are currently studying in the following faculties:

  • Engineering
  • art
  • Natural sciences
  • pedagogy
  • law Sciences
  • Economics

Ranch Brunette Downs

The approximately 12,000 km² Ranch Brunette Downs is home to around 72,500 animals, one of the largest herds of cattle in the world. The ranch is owned by the Australian

Agricultural Company and is famous for its annual outback races (ABC Races), as well as camp draft and rodeo events. The next human-inhabited

building is a petrol station around 140 km away. Mount Isa is 660km south-east of Brunette Downs and is the ranch's main supply town.

"Corella Creek" is the name of an Aboriginal community located on the Brunette Downs Territory. The region is called Bullogi

Ngarna (= cattle country) by the local Aborigines. Before cattle were bred here, only a few animals lived here in the godforsaken outback. As cowboys, the

Cattle keepers are reluctant to call themselves Jackaroos (m) or Jillaroos (w). Recently, however, the cattle have been targeted by

climate protectors, as the cattle, which are practically only grass-eating, emit considerable amounts of methane, which is a much more effective climate killer than

carbon dioxide. Recently, however, the cattle have been targeted by climate protectors, as the cattle, which are practically only grass-eating, emit considerable amounts of methane, which is a much more effective climate killer than carbon dioxide.

activities

Aquascene

At the northern end of the esplanade in Doctors Bully Bay is the small stretch of beach Aquascene. During the high tide, hundreds of fish swim into the bay to be fed by visitors with bread that has been laid out. So you can be eaten out of your hand by catfish, bream, mullets and rays, which is an unforgettable adventure, especially for children.

Address: 28 Doctors Gully Road

Darwin 0800

Northern Territory

Tel: (08) -8981 7837 (feeding times)

Entrance fees: Adults 11 AUD, Children 7 AUD

www.aquascene.com.au

Fishing

The fight with the Barramundi is an attraction and a great challenge for every angler. The barramundi is a perch-like food fish weighing around 60 kg and up to around 2 m in length.

Jumping Crocodiles

There are jumping crocodiles in the Adelaide River, an approx. 2 hour drive from Darwin towards Katherine, then on the Arnhem Highway towards Kakadu. There are several private cruise providers that take tourists on small boats very close to the crocodiles that live there. They are called jumping crocs because they jump high out of the water to get at the small meat bait that the skipper lets hang over the railing with a long pole.

A recommended tour (always 1 hour) can be found in the direction of Fogg Dam, from the Anzac Parade. Just follow the road signs on Fogg Dam Road.

A minimum of two and a maximum of 30 people are allowed on the boat.

Round trips start at 9 a.m., 11 a.m., 1 p.m. and 3 p.m.

Tel.: (08) -8983 3224 or 0427-180316 (book in advance)

Prices: Adults 30 AUD, families 80 AUD

www.adelaiderivercruises.com.au

Canoeing

An excellent place for canoeing is the Nitmiluk National Park with its extensive canyon system.

Mindil Beach Sunset Market in Darwin

The Mindil Beach Sunset Market attracts all of Darwin and the surrounding area during the dry season. There are numerous food (mostly Asian), art, jewelry, clothing and flea market stalls. The market takes place from April to October from 5:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. The sunset in Darwin is spectacular.

Hiking

The Jatbula Trail and the Larapinta Trail are ideal for hiking.

Natural beauties

Arnhem Land Arnhem

Land, approx. 200 east of Darwin, is a settlement area of the Aborigines in which approx. 20,000 people live. A visit to the Aboriginal land and contact with the indigenous people is highly recommended, but visitors need a permit from the Yolngu tribe.

Lichtfield National Park

A day trip to Lichtfield National Park is worthwhile. There are four large and numerous smaller waterfalls in Batchelor, 14km west of the Stuart Highway. The Florence, Tolmer and Wangi Falls are among the most beautiful waterfalls and have great rock pools in which you can cool off. There are several simple campsites. Take good shoes, food and enough water with you.

Nitmiluk National Park

The Nitmiluk National Park, about 240 km southeast of Darwin, was founded in 1989. Particularly worth seeing is the Katherine Gorge, an approx. 12 km long canyon system, which presents sandstone walls up to 70 m high.

Watarrka National Park

Watarrka National Park is located approx. 320 km southwest of Darwin. It is known for the Kings Canyon, the largest canyon in Australia, and is a must for visitors to the park.

Queensland: Attractions

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Queensland

Great Barrier Reef

The reef is located in the northeast of the country and stretches for around 2,300 km from the northern tip of the state of Queensland to the north of Bundaberg. The entire reef system covers an area of approximately 250,000 km². The reef system is made up of around 2,600 individual reefs and includes almost 300 islands. There are around 400 types of corals and over 1,500 different types of fish as well as 4,000 types of mollusks and molluscs. The reef is the largest coral reef in the world and is an absolute delight for divers. You can find more information at goruma here >>>.

Riversleigh/Naracoorte Fossil Deposit (Australian Fossil Mammal Sites)

The park is located in Queensland and the Northern Territory. The park is one of the ten most important areas with fossil deposits. You can find more information at goruma here >>>. Wet Tropics National Park in Queensland The park extends over a length of 450 km along the northeast coast of Queensland. The rainforest is blessed with a rich flora and fauna. You can find more information at goruma here >>>. Fraser Island (Fraser Island)

 

The island is the largest sand island in the world. However, one should beware of the wild dogs, the dingoes! The combination of rainforest and changing sand dunes is what makes the island so attractive. You can find more information at goruma here >>>.

Major cities in Queensland

Brisbane

Brisbane has around 1.9 million residents, making it the largest city and the capital of the state of Queensland. The city was founded in 1824 as a convict colony. Brisbane is located in the southeast of the state on the eastern Pacific coast of Australia.

Gold Coast

The city of Gold Coast has around 530,000 residents, which means it is the second largest city in Queensland. Gold Coast is located in the extreme southeast of the state of Queensland on the eastern Pacific coast of Australia, approx. 70 km southeast of Brisbane.

Townsville

Townsville is the third largest city in Queensland with around 150,000 residents. The city is protected by the Great Barrier Reef on the eastern Pacific coast of Australia approx. 1,100 km northwest of Brisbane and approx. 280 km southeast of Cairns.

Cairns

Cairns has approximately 100,000 residents and is the fourth largest city in Queensland. It is located in the north of the state on the Pacific coast. Cairns is a very good starting point for tours in the area, such as the Great Barrier Reef.

Special structures

Story Bridge/Brisbane

The Story Bridge in Brisbane was opened in 1940. This makes it one of the oldest bridges in Australia. It was conceived by John Bradfield, who was also responsible for the Sydney Harbor Bridge. The bridge stretches for more than 250 m over the Brisbane River and is one of the most famous sights in Brisbane.

Newstead House/Brisbane

The Newstead House, which was built in 1846, is the oldest house in Brisbane. It houses a museum and there are occasional concerts.

Brisbane City Hall Brisbane City Hall

was inaugurated in 1930 and is still the seat of Brisbane City Council today. Particularly impressive is the 70 m high clock tower that towers over the town hall and offers wonderful views over Brisbane.

Museums and galleries

Queensland Gallery of Modern Art/Brisbane

On an area of 25,000 m², this gallery shows exhibitions of regional art as well as works of art from all over Australia, Asia and the Pacific region. Changing exhibitions of works of art from other countries are also shown.

Queensland Museum/Brisbane

The Queensland Museum was founded in 1862. The museum has various exhibitions, so it is difficult to determine thematic terms. Visitors can marvel at the dinosaur garden erected outside the museum or, for example, see a German tank from the First World War.

Rockhampton Art Gallery/ Rockhampton

The Rockhampton Art Gallery shows exhibitions by Australian artists from the 1940s to the 1970s.

Cobb and Co Museum / Toowoomba

Milne Bay Military Museum/Toowoomba

Hervey Bay Regional Gallery/Hervey Bay

Theaters and opera houses

Queensland Performing Arts Center

The Queensland Performing Arts Center opened in 1985. It hosts a number of theaters and other cultural facilities such as:

  • Lyric Theater

    The Lyric Theater hosts operas, ballet performances and musicals.

  • Concert Hall

    Classical pieces find their stage in the Concert Hall, but stand-up comedy and jazz are also performed here.

  • Cremorne Theater

    The Cremorne Theater provides a stage for experimental plays.

  • Playhouse

Museum of Brisbane

The Brisbane Museum opened in 2003 and is the city's official museum. It shows changing exhibitions on the history and art of the region.

Albert Park Amphitheater/Brisbane

Pilbeam Theater/Rockhampton

Chinchilla Historical Museum/Chinchilla

White Gums Gallery/Chinchilla

Churches

St. Stephen's Cathedral/Brisbane

The Cathedral of St. Stephen in Brisbane is the oldest Catholic church in Queensland. The cathedral was built between 1864 and 1922 in neo-Gothic style.

Universities

Central Queensland University

Central Queensland University is the largest state university in Australia. It was founded in 1967 as the Capricornia Institute of Advanced Education. The university is based in Brisbane. Approximately 40,000 students are currently studying in the following faculties:

  • Arts, humanities and education
  • Science, Engineering, and Health
  • Economics and Information Sciences

University of Queensland

The University of Queensland was founded in Brisbane in 1909. This makes it the fifth oldest university in Australia. Approximately 38,000 students are currently studying at this university.

University of Southern Queensland

The University of Southern Queensland was founded in 1967 in Toowoomba. Today around 26,000 students study at the following faculties:

  • Engineering
  • art
  • Natural sciences
  • pedagogy
  • Economics

James Cook University

James Cook University was founded in 1970. The university is based in Townsville and Cairns. Approximately 16,000 students are currently studying in the following faculties:

  • Humanities
  • Engineering
  • art
  • medicine
  • Natural sciences
  • law Sciences
  • Social sciences
  • Economics

Other universities in Queensland include: University of the Sunshine Coast, Griffith University, Bond University, Queensland University of Technology

Aquariums, botanical and zoological gardens

Reef HQ Aquarium/Townsville

The Reef HQ Aquarium in Townsville focuses on the fish world of the Great Barrier Reef. The aquarium has one of the largest coral reefs.

Brisbane City Botanic Gardens

The Brisbane Botanical Gardens opened in 1855, but at the time it was still called Queen's Park. A special feature of the Botanical Garden is that it is open around the clock and the paths through the park are illuminated at night.

Rockhampton Zoo Rockhampton Zoo is

home to koalas, chimpanzees, saltwater crocodiles, red kangaroos, cassowaries, wombats, wallabies and many others.

Rockhampton Botanic Gardens

In Rockhampton Botanic Gardens the visitor will find numerous species of palms and ferns. Some specimens are over 100 years old.

Queens Park and Botanical Gardens/Toowoomba

Mackay Regional Botanical Gardens

Natural beauties

Moreton Island

The island offers something similar to Fraser Island, but is less crowded with tourists.

Great Keppel Island

Great Keppel Island is a popular holiday island for Australians.

Lake Pine Koala Sanctuary

ca. 30 minutes drive south of Brisbane. In this animal sanctuary you can get closer to the koala bears and wombats. The wombats are herbivorous bag mammals that can be up to four feet long. Reptiles and crocodiles are presented at the Australian Zoo on the Sunshine Coast.

Brisbane Forest Park

The Brisbane Forest Park is located west of Brisbane and represents the Australian lora and fauna on approx. 250 km².

Mount Archer National Park/ Rockhampton

Tewantin State Forest and Forest Reserve/Noosa

Estuary of the Draintree River

This is said to have the most beautiful beaches in the state. However, one can also encounter the aggressive saltwater crocodiles here.

Beware of the Gold Coast

The European visitor who is looking for the solitude of Australia should avoid the Gold Coast! For Australians and New Zealanders, who often live in rural areas far from any urban entertainment, a visit to the Gold Coast is a great change.

However, the European will be more reminiscent of Benidorm in Spain.

activities

Surfing

Surfing is best done on the southeast coast of Queensland, e. B. on Noose, Surfers Paradise, Coolangatta.

Sailing

Whitsunday Island

Official Tourist Site: www.tq.com.au

South Australia: Sightseeing

UNESCO World Heritage Site

There are currently no UNESO world cultural or natural heritage sites in the state of South Australia. There are currently no proposals for the state of South Australia to be included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

You can find all Australian World Heritage Sites at goruma here >>>.

Major cities of South Australia

Adelaide

Adelaide has around 1.2 million residents and is by far the largest city in the Australian state of South Australia, as well as its capital. The city was founded in 1836 and is named after the British Queen at the time. Adelaide is located in the south of the state on the St. Vincent Gulf, which merges into the great Australian basin. Adelaide is known for its many festivals and churches.

Mount Gambier

Mount Gambier is the second largest city in South Australia with around 25,000 residents. The city is located in the southeastern corner of the state.

Whyalla

Whyalla has approximately 22,000 residents, making it the third largest city in the state. Until 1920 the city was still called Hummock Hill and served as a train station where ore was shipped. The city is located on the Spencer Golf, about 230 km northwest of Adelaide.

Special structures

The Palm House in the Adelaide Botanical Garden

The glass greenhouse was built in the Botanical Garden in 1877. It was manufactured in Bremen and shipped to Australia as a kit.

Adelaide University Bridge

The Adelaide University Bridge was built in 1937 as the first welded steel bridge in Adelaide. The designer was RW Chapman.

Old Parliament Building in Adelaide In

1853, the Elizabethan-style stone building began. The architects were called Bennet Hayes and EJ Woods.

Parliament Building/Adelaide In

1883 the construction of a new parliament began. Architects were Edmund Wright and Lloyd Tayler. Since the building was built in an economically booming period, it is correspondingly pompous.

Hartley Building/Adelaide

The Hartley Building was built by the architect AE Simpson in 1925 in the Spanish mission style. Although the style was quite unusual for Adelaide, it was often used in the construction of schools and Catholic institutions in Australia and, in part, in New Zealand. So was z. B. the recently built new building of the Massey University of Auckland/New Zealand also built in the Spanish mission style. The style had come to Australia from Mexico via California.

Museums, galleries and libraries

South Australian Museum/Adelaide

The museum was founded in 1856. The museum is dedicated to the history of the Aborigines and the Antarctic explorer Sir Douglas Mawson, but also the meteorite Huckitta, which was found in 1924, is on display here.

Art Gallery of South Australia/Adelaide

This is an eclectic collection, with more than 35,000 works of art, of international and Australian art. This collection is the second largest government collection in Australia. The gallery was founded in 1881

State Library of South Australia/Adelaide

The State Library of South Australia is known for its South Australiana collection, which documents the history of South Australia from pre-European times to the present day.

Folk Museum/Port Pirie

Migration Museum in Adelaide

The museum tells the story of the different immigrants who came to South Australia.

Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute/Adelaide

The Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute is an art museum that specializes in Aboriginal art.

National Motor Museum/Adelaide

Shark Museum/Adelaide

Theaters and opera houses

Adelaide Festival Center

The Adelaide Festival Center is a cultural complex that houses several theaters. For example:

  • Festival Theater

    This is arguably the acoustically best theater in the southern hemisphere. The theater can seat up to 2000 people.

  • Dunstan Playhouse

    Up to 600 seats.

  • Space Theater

    Up to 400 seats.

  • Outdoor amphitheater

    Up to 600 seats.

Keith Michell Theater/Port Pirie

Historical

Hahndorf

Hahndorf is the oldest surviving village in Australia. The village was founded in 1839 by Captain Dirk Hahn and named after him. He arrived in South Australia on December 28, 1838, coming from Hamburg- Altona.

Anna Creek Cattle Station

The Anna Creek Cattle Station is the largest cattle farm in the world with an area of 26,000 km². It is over ten times the size of the largest cattle ranch in the United States. It was founded as a sheep farm in 1863, but a few years later it switched from sheep to cattle breeding, as these animals were less vulnerable to attacks by dingoes. The area of the ranch is home to the 360 km² "Anna Creek Painted Hills". These formations were created within the last 50 million years by soil erosion, their dark red color being due to the oxidation of the iron in the rock. In order to protect this landscape, entry is forbidden - but sightseeing flights over the area are offered.

Wine regions

National Wine Center of Australia

The National Wine Center of Australia has exhibits on the process of winemaking and the wine industry in South Australia. Visitors can also taste various wines from all over Australia.

Adelaide Hill Hock

One of the oldest wine regions in Australia. Wine was exported from here as early as 1845.

McLaren Vale Wine Region

Another interesting wine region.

Barossa Valley

One of the most famous and productive wine regions in Australia. About a quarter of all Australian wine is produced here.

Clare Valley Wine Region

A wine region with small family businesses.

Coonawarra Wine Region

A wine region for first class wine, Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignons. The traditional Rymill winery from 1890 was expanded in 1990 with a new building designed by the architect Geoffrey Woodfall. www.rymill.com.au

Coober Pedy

Coober Pedy Opal Center Coober Pedy

is home to one of Australia's Opal Centers.

Mines

Some of the opal mines offer guided tours to give visitors an insight into the working world of miners.

Universities in South Australia

University of South Australia

The University of South Australia was founded in 1991 in Adelaide. The university currently has around 32,000 students, making it the largest university in the state of South Australia. The university has the following faculties:

  • architecture
  • Engineering
  • art
  • mathematics
  • pedagogy
  • pharmacy
  • Psychology
  • law Sciences
  • Economics

University of Adelaide

The University of Adelaide was founded in 1874, making it the oldest university in South Australia. The approximately 20,000 students study at the following faculties:

  • architecture
  • Humanities
  • Engineering
  • mathematics
  • Natural sciences
  • Social sciences

Flinders University

Flinders University was founded in 1966 and with 15,000 students is the smallest of the three universities in South Australia.

Botanical gardens and zoos

Adelaide Botanic Garden The Adelaide Botanic Garden was

officially opened in 1857. There are numerous plants on 51 hectares. Particularly worth seeing are the Palm House, Rose Garden and the Bicentennial Conservatory, in which an atmosphere is created for a rainforest.

Adelaide Zoo

The Adelaide Zoo was opened in 1883, making it the second oldest zoo in Australia. The zoo is home to over 300 species of native and exotic animal species. The Southeast Asia section of the zoo with Sumatran tigers and orangutans is particularly worth seeing. Two panda bears have also been living in the zoo since 2009.

Australian Arid Lands Botanic Garden/Port Augusta

Natural beauties

Kangaroo Island

With its many birds, animals and an impressive marine fauna, Kangaroo Island is an experience for nature lovers.

Mount Gambier

Mount Gambier is one of the youngest volcanoes in Australia. It probably originated 5,000 years ago.

Blue Lake/Mount Gambier

The Blue Lake near Mount Gambier is one of the four crater lakes of Mount Gambier. During the months of December to March the lake turns cobalt blue, while the rest of the year it takes on a steel-gray color. Why this happens has not yet been fully clarified, but it is believed that calcium carbonate crystals rising up due to the heat break the sun's rays so that the cobalt blue appears.

Belair National Park/Adelaide

The Belair National Park is located approx. 10 km south of Adelaide.

Innes National Park/Yorke Peninsula

Whalewatching

Whales and great white sharks raise their young around the Eyre Peninsula.

Fleurieu Peninsula

The Fleurieu Peninsula is a popular holiday area for the people of Adelaide. You can swim fantastic here.

Hiking

The Hyesen Trail is one of the great long-distance hiking trails, it extends over a length of 1,200 km.

Official tourist site:

www.southaustralia.com

Tasmania: Sightseeing

General

This large island in southern Australia was discovered by Abel Tasman (1603-1659) in 1642, but was believed by him to be part of the continent of Australia.

In the years 1804 to 1853 it was settled with around 75,000 men, women and children who were deported to the island as convicts. Until 1850, however, the island was called Van Diemen's Land. By 1876, the native people were practically exterminated by the newcomers to the island.

Tasmania covers an area of 67,800 km² with around 473,000 residents. Around 40% of the country is forested, 29% is used for agriculture. The capital of the island is Hobart, with about 129,000 residents. The King Eucalyptus grow on the island, some of which are over 400 years old and can reach heights of up to 95 m.

The island's rainforest with its trees and tree ferns up to 10 m high as well as its undergrowth is partly impenetrable. These forests are made possible by the high rainfall, over 4,000 mm annually. About half of the world's poppy seeds grown for pharmaceutical purposes grow in Tasmania. In addition, the wonderful blue-purple lavender fields are impressive.

The Tasmanian devil lives on the island, an omnivore weighing approx. 10-15 kg. The Tasmanian tiger, a type of hyena, has been considered extinct since the mid-20th century.

Mark Twain (1835-1910) visited the island in 1895 and wrote that heaven and hell seem to unite here.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Macquarie Island (Macquarie Island)

Macquarie Island was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1997. This sub-Antarctic (circumpolar) island lies north of the Antarctic convergence and is thus the southernmost point of Australia and belongs to the state of Tasmania. The island is located in the southern ocean, southeast of Australia and southwest of New Zealand and covers an area of approximately 128 km2. The highest mountain is Mt. Hamilton, with a height of 433 m. The island's climate is one of the most even in the world. The temperature is permanently between 3 and 7 °C. The island is therefore not covered by ice or snow. There are numerous smaller lakes on the island. There are no trees on the island, but a giant herb that can grow up to 1 m high.

On July 11, 1810, the island was discovered by Frederick Hasselborough, who named it after the Governor of New South Wales Lachlan Macquarie. The seal grounds began to be pillaged very soon. When there were hardly any seals left, penguins were hunted. In 1905 there was an associated industrial facility at Nuggets Point. A cabbage grows on the island, which was eaten by the seals to prevent scurvy. The ANARE research station has existed since 1948. Tourists must pay a fee of AUS $ 150 upon entering the island.

National parks of West Tasmania (Tasmanian Wilderness)

One of the few rainforests with a temperate climate is located in the 13,800 km² parks, which are the largest protected area in Australia. Based on findings in caves, human habitation can be assumed for over 20,000 years. It is also noteworthy that these national parks take up about 20% of the total area of Tasmania. The national parks of Western Tasmania were added to both the UNESCO World Heritage List and the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1982.

Major cities in Tasmania

Hobart

Hobart is the largest city in Tasmania and its capital with around 205,000 residents. Hobart is located in the southeast of the island on the Pacific coast. The city was founded in 1803. This makes Hobart the second oldest capital in Australia after Sydney. The city's name at the time was Hobarttown.

Launceston

Launceston has about 70,000 residents, making it the second largest city in Tasmania. The city is located in northeast Tasmania about 50 km from the coast. The city was founded in 1806, but under the name Patersonia. The city impresses with its European appearance, which is characterized by Victorian buildings.

Port Arthur

A visit to the historic city, which was the first port of call for prisoners deported to Tasmania, is worthwhile.

Special structures

Parliament House/Hobart

The Parliament House in Hobart was built in 1835. It's on Salamanca Place.

Salamanca Place in Hobart

The ensemble of old warehouses that once formed the center of the whaling station has now been lovingly restored and houses restaurants, pubs and galleries.

Battery Point/Hobart

Battery Point is the old historic city center of Hobart.

Tasman Bridge/Hobart

The Tasman Bridge was completed in 1964. This five-lane bridge has a total length of 1,395 m.

Museums, galleries and libraries

Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery/ Hobart

The Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery in Hobart is housed in Australia's oldest house from 1808. It has been a museum and art gallery since 1843. Aboriginal artifacts and exhibits from the colonial era are on display.

State Library of Tasmania/Hobart

The State Library of Tasmania in Hobart has more than 200,000 books and extensive map material.

Galley Museum/Queenstown

This museum deals with the history of Queenstown. The footage of the North Mount Lyell mine disaster is particularly extensive.

Maritime Museum of Tasmania/Hobart

The Maritime Museum of Tasmania was founded in 1974 and deals with the Tasmanian seafaring history.

Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery/Launceston

The museum was founded in 1891 and is known for its excellent collection of colonial art.

National Motor Museum/Launceston

Tiagarra Aboriginal Cultural Center/Devonport

Sheep Museum/Ross

Theaters and opera houses

Federation Concert Hall/Hobart

The Federation Concert Hall in Hobart is home to the Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra. The Federation Concert Hall offers around 1100 seats for music lovers.

Theater Royal/Hobart

The Theater Royal is Australia's oldest theater. It was opened in 1834. The theater shows various performances such as ballet, opera, drama or musicals.

Sacred buildings

Hobart Synagogue

The Hobart Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in Australia. It was built in 1848. It is built in the style of the Egyptian Revival architecture.

Saint Matthews's Church/New Norfolk

University of Tasmania

The University of Tasmania was founded in 1890, making it the fourth oldest university in Australia. It is the only university in Tasmania. There are currently around 15,000 students studying at the University of Tasmania in the following faculties:

  • Business administration
  • education
  • Health sciences
  • Engineering
  • Art studies
  • Natural sciences
  • law Sciences

In addition to the University of Tasmania, there is also the Australian Maritime College in Lauceston as a further higher educational institution. It is the Australian center for marine research.

Botanical Garden

Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens/ Hobart

The Botanical Garden in Hobart was opened in 1818 and offers a huge number of historical plants and trees from the 19th century on 140,000 m². The Botanical Garden is also known for the only sub-Antarctic greenhouse in the world.

Natural beauties

Freycinet Peninsula

The Freycinet Peninsula, or Freycinet National Park, is located on Tasmania's east coast. The island's trademarks are the granite formations on the coast and the famous Wineglass Bay.

Mount Wellington/Hobart

With its height of 1271 m, Mount Wellington is the actual skyline of Hobart, as the city was built at the foot of this mountain. Due to the many hiking trails, the mountain offers relaxation on the doorstep.

South Bruny National Park

The South Bruny National Park is best known for the Huon Trail. A hike on the Huon Trail impresses with beautiful coastlines and wildlife.

Ben Lomond National Park

Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park

Cradle Mountain-Lake St. Clair National Park

Mt Field National Park

activities

Surfing

The beaches in Marawah are good for this sport.

Sailing

The sport of sailing plays an important role here, but due to the harsh climate it is usually reserved for experienced and seaworthy sailors.

Hiking

The Overland Treck in Cradle Mountain Lake, St. Clair National Park.

White water rafting

In the Franklin River, the daring can plunge into the waves. River

Cruise

At the Gordon River

Market A

visit to the Salamanca Market in Hobart is recommended to every visitor.

Official tourist site: www.discovertasmania.com

Victoria: Sightings

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens (Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens)

The Royal Exhibiton Hall in Melbourne was designed by architect Joseph Reed for the World Exhibition 1880th He used wood, slate, and steel as building materials. He combined Byzantine, Romanesque and Renaissance style elements in the building. The dome is modeled on the Duomo of Florence. One reason for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List is the fact that the ensemble is one of the few witnesses of the world exhibition architecture.

The Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2004.

Major cities of Victoria

Melbourne

Melbourne has around 3.6 million residents and is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Victoria.

You can find a detailed description of Melbourne at Goruma here >>>.

Geelong

Geelong has a population of around 160,000, making it the second largest city in the state of Victoria after Melbourne. Geelong is located about 80 km southwest of Melbourne on Port Philip Bay. Geelong was founded in 1836.

Ballarat

Ballarat is the third largest city in Victoria with around 80,000 residents. The city is about 100 km northwest of Melbourne. Ballarat was founded in 1938 and is a former gold prospecting town.

Bendigo

Bendigo has a population of around 75,000, making it the fourth largest city in Victoria. The city is located in the geographical center of Victoria about 150 km northwest of Melbourne. However, the town was founded in 1855 under the name Sandhurst. The city was created due to a gold rush that broke out in the area. The city captivates above all with its Victorian buildings.

Special structures

Parliament House/Melbourne

http://www.parliament.vic.gov.au

Since 1855 (with the exception of the years between 1901 and 1927) the seat of the Parliament of Victoria has been housed in this building, which is the largest Australian building of the 19th century represents. It was originally supposed to be adorned with a large dome, but these plans were abandoned after the severe economic depression in 1891.

Treasury Building/Melbourne

The building, which was built between 1858 and 1862, extends into Spring Street and was once the seat of the Treasury of the Government of Victoria. The current structure is a museum for the history of Melbourne. The Treasury Building is considered Australia's best Renaissance building and was designed in the shape of a palazzo.

Rialto Building/Melbourne

William Pitt designed the Rialto Building, which was built in 1889 and is located right next to the Rialto Towers. Its historicity made the realization of the Rialto Towers impossible until the 1980s.

Rialto Towers/Melbourne

http://www.rialto.com.au

The (according to certain calculations and categories) the tallest office building in the southern hemisphere at 251 meters is located in Melbourne's central business district. The Rialto Towers was constructed between 1982 and 1986 and has a massive glass façade that changes color several times a day. In 1994 the Melbourne Observation Deck opened, which is located 234 meters above the ground in the south tower. The Rialto Towers were the tallest building in Australia until 2004, when the Eureka Tower was completed.

Royal Exhibition Building/ Melbourne

The building in Carlton Gardens is based on the designs of the architect Joseph Reed, who designed the REB in Victorian style. Completed in 1880, it initially served as an exhibition building for the Melbourne International Exhibition (1880 - 1881). As the only building in Australia, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Shell House/Melbourne

This remarkable office tower on Spring and Flinders Street was completed in 1988. The shell house floor panels have been designed in the shape of a shell to do justice to the actual tenant, the Australian headquarters of the Royal Dutch Shell.

Shrine of Remembrance/Melbourne

Shrine of Remembrance is the name of the Anzac Monument in Melbourne, which commemorates those who fell in the Australian-New Zealand Army in the world wars. The monument is located on a hill in the park from the central business district to the seaside resort of St. Kilda. You can climb the monument and you will be rewarded with a wonderful view over the city.

Old Melbourne Prison/Melbourne Melbourne's

old prison represents an important piece of the city's history. During the day you can visit the prison, at night art events take place inside the walls.

Transportable steel houses from the 19th century/Melbourne

The three houses are among the few prefabricated steel houses in the world that still exist. When settling the New Colonies, it was customary to take houses in prefabricated kits with you to your new home. They are in South Melbourne.

Como House/Melbourne

The house was built in 1847 in an extraordinary mix of styles between the Australian Regency and the Italian style. It was designed by William Sangster. The upper-class estate is now a popular picnic spot.

Address: South Yarra 3141, corner of Williams Road in Melbourne.

La Trobe's Cottage/Melbourne

The building is one of the oldest buildings in Victoria. It was erected in 1839 as a prefabricated building, the parts of which had been made in England, and served Lt. Governor Charles La Trobe as a residential home and was the first governor's house of Victoria State.

Address: Corner of Birdwoo Ave, Dallas Brooks Drive, in South Yarra, Melbourne

Eureka Tower/Melbourne

http://www.eurekatower.com.au

The 297.3 meter high skyscraper, which was built between 2001 and 2006, is Melbourne's tallest structure and the second tallest skyscraper in the southern hemisphere. It is located in the center of Melbourne on the exclusive Southbank Promenade. Those who are suitable for high altitudes can visit a viewing platform with a restaurant at a height of 285 meters.

Flinders Street Station/Melbourne Melbourne

's main train station is located in the heart of the city and was immortalized in the Melbourne idiom "I'll meet you under the clocks". This refers to the row of clocks above the main entrance of the fascinating building that serves as a popular meeting place for the Melburnians.

Hotel Windsor/Melbourne

www.thewindsor.com.au In

1883 the fantastic Hotel Windsor, the Grand Hotel Melbourne, was built. It was designed by Charles Webb in the Second Empire style and has had his name, which honors the royal family, since the 1920s.

ICI House (now Orica House)/Melbourne

At the time of its completion, the tallest building in Australia, the ICI House was also one of the first skyscrapers to be constructed mainly from glass. The building was designed by Sir Osborne McCutcheon and constructed between 1955 and 1958.

Special places

Federation Square/Melbourne

www.fedsq.com

The modern square can be called very successful. The square was redesigned in 1997 by the English architects Lab Architecture Studio and the Melbourne partner office Bates Smartes after winning a competition. The new inner-city square is designed for around 15,000 people and has been used intensively by the people of Melbourne since it opened. Cultural institutions such as the National Gallery, an event center, a media center and the city's tourist office are grouped around the square. Open air concerts are often held on the square itself.

Museums and libraries

Australian Center for Cultural Art/Melbourne

The award-winning modern building was built by the architect Wood Marsh. The center is known for its sophisticated cultural events.

Melbourne Museum

http://melbourne.museum.vic.gov.au

The museum is located in Melbourne's Carlton Gardens and is the largest of its kind in the southern hemisphere. The building, which opened in 2000, has an area of 80,000 m² and exhibits around 16 million exhibits. The huge building complex contains a Pacific collection, an Aboriginal center, an exhibition on the history of Melbourne and a natural history collection, in which the visitor can get to know the wildlife of Australia.

State Library of Victoria/Melbourne

The library is one of the most important in Victoria. The classic, historical reading room, which is crowned by a glass dome, is remarkable.

Heide Museum of Modern Art

The museum is located in the vicinity of Melbourne.

Tarrawarra Museum of Art

The museum specializes in modern Australian art from 1950 onwards. It is located in Healesville in the Yarra Valley.

www.twma.com.au

Polly Woodside Melbourne Maritime Museum

The restored barque from 1885 is located on South Wharf Road and gives an insight into the maritime history of the city.

Chinese Museum/Melbourne

The museum shows the life of the Chinese immigrants who came to the city since around 1800. The address is Cohen Place.

Immigration Museum/Melbourne

The museum shows the history of immigrants from 1800 to modern times. It's open every day and is located at 400 Flinder Street.

Melbourne Exhibition and Convention Center

www.mecc.com.au

The Convention Center opened in 1990 and has hosted thousands of conventions and meetings. In 1996 the Exhibition Center was opened, which is home to large exhibitions. With 30,000 m² it has the largest pillar-free exhibition hall in the southern hemisphere.

National Wool Museum/Geelong

Geelong Maritime Museum

Albury Regional Museum

Chinese Museum/Bendigo

Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum/Warnambool

Galleries

National Gallery of Victoria/Melbourne

http://www.ngv.vic.gov.au

The NGV consists of two complexes. Because of its international collection, it is one of the greatest and most complete galleries in the southern hemisphere.

The main works of Australian paintings are in the picture gallery. The collection includes works from the 19th century to modern times. Among them, for example, a portrait of Helena Rubinstein, the Melbourne woman who became known for her cosmetics empire of the same name. Or paintings by Tom Roberts who immortalized Australian themes such as the crossing of immigrants to Australia or sheep shearing.

Burrinja Gallery/Melbourne

The gallery specializes in Aboriginal art and art from Papua New Guinea. A café and a bar are attached to the gallery.

www.burrinja.org.au

RMIT University Gallery/Melbourne

The contemporary art gallery is attached to the university and is located in the city center.

www.rmit.edu.au

Australian Center For Contemporary Art/Melbourne

The collection includes works by contemporary artists from Australia and international artists. It is open Tuesday through Sunday and is located at 11 Sturt Street.

NGV International/Melbourne

The gallery is the oldest public gallery in Australia and houses the oldest and most important art collection in the state of Victoria. It is open daily and is located at 180 St Kilda Road.

Geelong Art Gallery

The Geelong Art Gallery was opened in 1895 and offers visitors around 4,000 exhibits.

Theaters and opera houses

Arts Center/Melbourne

http://www.theartscentre.net.au

The complex of theaters and opera houses was built between 1973 and 1984. The Arts Center includes several buildings such as the Hamer Hall (used for symphony concerts) and the State Theater with one of the largest stages in the world (used for opera and ballet, Dance and drama), the Playhouse (foyer collections about Aboriginal art), the Fairfax Studio, the Blackbox, the Sidney Myer Music Bowl and a few more.

Forum Theater/Melbourne

http://www.marrinertheatres.com.au

This theater, which opened in 1929 and has the largest seating capacity in Australia, is located on the corner of Flinders Street and Russell Street. A total of 3,371 spectators can attend the performances from the concert areas. Well-known bands such as Oasis already played here.

Her Majesty's Theater/Melbourne

http://www.hermajestystheatre.com.au

Her Majesty's Theater, which was built in 1886, seats 1,705. It is located on Exhibition Street and is on the Victorian Heritage Register.

Princess Theater and Opera House/Melbourne

http://www.marrinertheatres.com.au

The theater, which is part of the Victorian Heritage Register, has a capacity of 1,488 seats. It is the second building (after Astley's Amphitheater) to be erected on the present site. The Princess Theater and Opera House was completed in 1866 in the Second Empire style.

Regent Theater/Melbourne

http://www.marrinertheatres.com.au

The Regent Theater with its 2,162 seats is also part of the Victorian Heritage Register.

Churches and cathedrals

St. Paul's Cathedral/Melbourne

http://www.stpaulscathedral.org.au

The Gothic-style cathedral of the Anglican diocese of Melbourne is the seat of the Anglican Archbishop and a famous landmark of the city. It was built between 1880 and 1891. At the time it was the tallest structure in central Melbourne and dominated the city skyline. Its two towers were built 30 years after the church was completed, with St Paul's Moorehouse Tower being the second tallest Anglican church tower in the world - after that of Salisbury Cathedral, of course. Designed by William Butterfield, the church was visited by Pope John Paul II in 1986 to promote dialogue between the Anglican and Roman Catholic churches.

St. James Old Cathedral/Melbourne

http://home.vicnet.net.au/~mccia/stjames.html

This Melbourne church was built between 1839 and 1849. The Anglican Church was one of the first stone buildings in the then very young city. St James Old Cathedral functioned from 1848 to 1891 as the cathedral of the first Bishop of Melbourne (= Charles Perry), but was replaced in this function by St Paul's Cathedral in 1891. The church was usually located in the city center near the corner of Collins Street and William Street, but was moved in 1913/14 to the corner of King Street and Batman Street, just across from Flagstaff Gardens.

St. Patrick's Cathedral/Melbourne

This beautiful Melbourne church rises 105 meters into the sky and was completed in 1937.

German Lutheran Trinity Church/Melbourne

Services have been held here in German since 1853. The church dates from 1874. The congregation still has strong ties to the mother house in Germany. It is from here that the priests of the Church are appointed to this day!

Steeple Church/Geelong

The church from 1857 was designed in Gothic style by the architect John Young.

Sacred Heart Cathedral/Bendigo

St. Francis Church/Melbourne

The originally Catholic church from 1845 is the oldest church in the state of Victoria.

Universities in Victoria

Victoria University/Melbourne

Victoria University was founded in 1916. Approximately 45,000 students are currently studying at Victoria University at the following universities:

  • Business administration
  • Engineering
  • Art studies
  • Human development
  • Natural sciences
  • law Sciences

Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology

The Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology was founded in 1887 and currently has approximately 63,000 enrolled students. The university has the following faculties:

  • Business administration
  • Design and Social Sciences
  • Engineering
  • Natural sciences
  • technology

University of Melbourne

The University of Melbourne was founded in 1853, making it the oldest university in Victoria and the second oldest university in Australia. Approximately 33,000 students are currently studying in the following faculties:

  • Agricultural and Food Sciences
  • architecture
  • Visual arts
  • Engineering
  • Art studies
  • medicine
  • music
  • Natural sciences
  • pedagogy
  • law Sciences
  • Veterinary medicine
  • Economics
  • Dentistry

Monash University

Monash University in Melbourne was founded in 1958 and is the largest university in Melbourne with around 55,000 students. The university has the following faculties:

  • Business administration
  • Engineering
  • Art studies
  • medicine
  • Natural sciences
  • pedagogy
  • pharmacy
  • law Sciences
  • Economics

Other universities in Victoria are: Australian Catholic University (Melbourne), University of Ballarat (Geelong), Swinburne University of Technology (Swinburne), Deakin University (Geelong)

Wine regions

Yarra Valley

The well-known Yarra Valley is located east of Melbourne.

Yering Station Yering Station

Winery is the oldest winery in Victoria, founded in 1838. The winery has been recognized as one of the best tourist attractions in Victoria. Next to the winery there is a gallery on the premises. The entire concept is underlined by an outstanding, modern architecture. www.yering.com

Goulburn Valley

The Tahbilik winery is located in the Goulburn Valley. It is one of the leading wineries in Australia and was founded in 1860. Its landmark is an old wooden tower. Tahbilik is known for its Shiraz wine. www.tahbilik.com.au

Michelton

Opposite this is the modern Michelton winery, which with its tower refers to the Tahbilik winery. The Michelton winery from 1974 was one of the first in the region whose architecture was influenced by modern elements. The architect was Robin Boyd (1917-1971). www.mitchelton.com.au

Shadofax

The Shadofax winery, located in Geelong, was designed in 2000 by the architect Wood Marsh. Modern architecture speaks its own language and makes reference to the history and nature of Australia. The name refers to the chief of the horses in The Lord of the Rings by JRR Tolkien. www.shadowfax.com.au

Warning:

It is unusual for Europeans that the wineries usually close around 5 or 6 p.m. So when planning your trip you shouldn't assume that you will end your evening at the winery.

Zoos, gardens and aquariums

Melbourne Aquarium

http://www.melbourneaquarium.com.au

In 1999 the aquarium was established in central Melbourne and on the banks of the Yarra River. In addition to the "usual suspects" of maritime life, the aquarium also shows sharks and a large collection of Australian jellyfish that are native to their natural habitat. Especially the daring can swim with sharks.

Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens (= Melbourne Zoo)

http://www.zoo.org.au

The Melbourne Zoo is Australia's oldest zoological garden and dates back to 1862. It is home to more than 350 species from Australia and around the world

Werribee Open Range Zoo

http://www.zoo.org.au

About half an hour's drive from Melbourne is the Werribee Open Range Zoo, which offers true safari adventures because the animals live in the wild and in an area modeled on their natural habitat.

Geelong Botanic Gardens

The Geelong Botanic Gardens were opened in 1851 and today you can visit numerous plants. The garden specializes in the conservation of almost "extinct" plant species.

Chinese garden/Bendigo

Ballarat Botanical Gardens

Ballarat Wildlife Park

Natural beauties

Wilsons Promotory National Park

Alpine Region

Skiing here in winter. The region is about 3 hours north of Melbourne by car.

Great Ocean Road and the Twelve Apostles

The twelve apostles are rock formations standing in the sea, which were formed into fragile structures by the power of the water. Unfortunately on July 4th, 2005 one of the pillars, which was about 50 m high, collapsed. That means there are only eleven left. After Ayers Rock, the apostles are among the most photographed natural beauties in Australia. They are located about 220 km southwest of Melbourne. In 1990 the formation known as London Bridge had collapsed.

You Yang's Regional Park/Geelong

Lake Wendouree/Ballarat

Grampians National Park

Lower Glenelg National Park

Official tourist site: www.visitvictoria.com

Africa

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South America

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Central America

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Puerto Rico Saba
  Trinidad and Tobago

North America

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Oceania

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Palau Pitcairn
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Solomon Islands Tokelau
Tonga Tuvalu
Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna

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