Holidays, climate and national customs of Turkey
There are a number of public holidays that do not have a fixed date but are based on the time of Easter. Easter falls on the first Sunday following the first full moon after the beginning of spring. Lent, which lasts 46 days, begins on Ash Wednesday and ends on Holy Saturday. Pentecost is 50 days after Easter. The Corpus Christi festival is celebrated on the 2nd Thursday after Pentecost. All Saints' Day is celebrated for Orthodox Christians on the 1st Sunday after Pentecost, but for Catholic Christians the date is fixed on November 1st. On October 31, Protestants celebrate Reformation Day. The Halloween festival also takes place on this day.
|January 1||New Year|
|January 8th, 9th, 10||Islamic Festival of Sacrifice|
|April 23||Sovereignty and Children's Day|
|1st of May||Day of spring|
|May 19||Ataturk's Remembrance Day|
|October||End of ramadan|
|28th of October||National holiday|
|November 10||Ataturk's death anniversary|
Source: Countryaah - Turkey Holidays
|January||Camel fights in Selcuk|
|March||International Jazz Days in İzmir
Kurdish New Year Festival
Dardanelles Victory Celebration in Canakkale
International Film Festival in Istanbul
|April||International Book Fair in İzmir.
Culture and Art Festival in Giresun.
National Independence and Children's Day in Ankara
|May||International music and folklore festival in Silifke
International jazz festival in Antalya
Various cultural events and international yacht festival in Marmaris
Festival in honor of the mystic Yunus Emre in Eskişehir
Seyit Batdalgazi Festival in Eskişehir
Selçuk Efes Kültür ve Sanat Festivali: Culture and art festival in Selçuk
Mesir) in Manisa
Wrestling competition in Kemer
Theater Biennale in Istanbul
Music festival in Kusadasi
Festival in Bergama
|June July||Festival in memory of the folk poet Karacaoğlan in Muş
Opera and ballet
festival in the ancient theater of Aspendos Carpet and rose festival in Isparta
Oil wrestler competitions in Edirne
International culture and music festival in İzmir, Ephesus and Miletus.
Folklore Festival in Çandarlı
Concerts in Ayvalık, Bodrum and Marmaris
Culture Festival in Amasya
Aluçdağ Festival in Çamlıdere
Tourism Festival in Alanya
Festival in honor of the dervish Abdal Musa in Antalya
Van Kültür ve Turizm Festivali: Culture and Tourism Festival in Van
International Marmara Music and Folklore
Festival in Istanbul for tourism and art in Marmaris
Pamukkale festival in Denizli
Kırkpınar Wrestling in Edirne
Apricot Festival in Malatya Homeland Festival
Festival in honor of the mystic Hacı Bektaş Veli in Hacıbektaş
Çini Festivali: Ceramic Festival in Kütahya
Culture Festival in Kemer
International Art and Culture Festival in Istanbul
Navy Day on July 1st
International Culture and Art Festival in Bursa
Jazz Festival in Istanbul
|August||Celebrations in honor of Haci Bektas Veli (theologian and mystic) in
sailing regatta in the Gulf of Edremit
Troy Festival in Canakkale and Troy
almond harvest festival on the Datça Peninsula
Vintage Festival in Bozcaada
Foça Müzik ve folklore Şenlik: Music and Folklore Festival in Foca
Master Chef Festival in Bolu
|September||International Tango Festival in Marmaris
bullfights in Ula in Muğla
Hittite Festival in Corum - Sungurlu, Alacahöyük - Boğazkale
International Music and Folklore Festival in Mersin
melon festival in Diyarbakir
Eğridir-Apple Festival in Isparta - Eğridir
Art and Folklore Festival in Kırşehir
industrial fair in Izmir
Cultural Festival in Bodrum
Art Biennial in Istanbul
Music Festival in Antalya
Film Festival in Adana
|October||Theater festival in Assos, grape harvest
festival in Şirince and Bozcaada
film festival in Antalya
|November||International sailing competition in Marmaris
Blues Festival in Istanbul
|December||Nikolausfest in Demre
Dervish dances in Konya
Pistachio festival in Gaziantep
Nikolausfest in Kaş - Demre
National folk sports are the yagli güres, a wrestling match in which the wrestlers rub themselves with oil beforehand, which makes a firm grip almost impossible, the javelin competition Cirit Oyunu, in which galloping riders throw spears, as well as camel wrestling and bullfights.
triathlon in Alanya
- The distinct bath culture of the Turks is celebrated in the so-called hammams. These baths offer a comprehensive opportunity for personal hygiene. In addition to the various forms of cleaning such as scrubbing with a rough glove, lathering and bathing, massages are offered. Mixed bathing is not allowed. If a man used to go into the women's bathroom, he could be sentenced to death.
- The Mevlana order comes from the Seljuq Empire. He became known for the singing dervishes with their high hats and wide skirts. The mystical poet, philosopher and founder of the order Mevlana believed in ecstatic, universal love. According to him, this state can be achieved by turning quickly in a circle. The dance symbolizes the rotation of the heavenly spheres and is accompanied by shepherds flutes. The right hand is held up in order to experience a blessing from above, the left hand is stretched towards the earth in order to pass this blessing on.
- In the coffeehouses all over Turkey men meet to drink coffee, chat and play board games.
- The bazaars are the best places to shop in Turkey. You can find anything in the big markets.
- Shoes are not allowed in mosques. These must be deposited at the entrance. Out of respect, women should cover their heads with a scarf, arms and legs.
- One should avoid exchanging affection in public.
- The Âşık poem is a Turkish folk song that is accompanied by a saz (musical instrument).
- The Turkish superstition describes an evil eye as a bad influence or curses from evil people. One can protect oneself from him with talismans, sayings and ceremonies.
The ideas of what is meant by a particularly favorable travel climate depend on a number of factors. Pure cultural travelers certainly see the climate differently than people who want to spend a pure beach holiday, for example. The state of health or age can also play an important role. The ideal travel times are spring, summer and autumn. Usually winter is less suitable to visit.
The following table shows a range of climate data for the country. It should be noted, however, that the climatic conditions in different regions of the country can differ considerably from one another and thus also from the values shown. In addition, such monthly temperature averages say little about the possible current minimum or maximum temperatures. It is not uncommon for average temperatures of around 30 °C to reach maximum values of 40 °C or even more on a number of days. The table therefore only provides a general overview of the climatic conditions in the country.
|Month||Average number of rainy days||Mean maximum temperatures in (°C)||Mean minimum temperatures in (°C)|