Holidays and sporting events
|January 1||New Year|
|March April||Good Friday and Easter (sometimes Maundy Thursday)|
|December 8||Mary Conception|
|25 December||Christmas (sometimes also Christmas Eve)|
|2nd of April||Day of the Islas Malvinas|
|1st of May||Labor Day|
|25. May||Declaration of independence from Spain on May 25, 1810|
|July 9||Recognition of independence by Spain on July 9, 1816|
|20th June||National Flag Day (Día de la Bandera)|
|17th Augu||Memorial day in honor of General José de San Martín|
|October 12||Day of the Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus (Día de la Raza)|
|December 31||partly New Year’s Eve|
Source: Countryaah – Argentina Holidays
Polo, football and rugby as well as the game of the rural population “Pato” are national sports. The members of the Argentine Olympic polo team all come from long-established families. Horse races are also very popular.
Argentina: weather, climate
The idea of what is meant by a particularly favorable travel climate depends on a number of factors. Pure cultural travelers certainly see the climate differently than people who want to spend a pure beach holiday, for example. The state of health or age can also play an important role. No other country in South America has as many climatic zones as Argentina, which is why our recommendation also depends on the region. In general, it can be said that the best travel times are March, April, October and November.
The following table gives a rough overview of the country’s climate data. It should be noted, however, that the climatic conditions in different regions of the country are very different. The table therefore only provides a general overview of the climate in Buenos Aires and the surrounding area.
|Month||Average number of rainy days||Mean maximum temperatures in (°C)||Mean minimum temperatures in (°C)|
- Abbreviationfinder.org: Presents the way that AR stands for the nation of Argentina as a two-letter acronym.
Major cities in the country
In Buenos Aires the town hall (1711), the Casa Rosada (presidential seat from 1887 in pink), the old congress hall (1863) and the cathedral (1791) are worth seeing.
The Teatro Colón was completed in 1908. It is the most important theater in the heart of Buenos Aires, has 5 boxes and unique acoustics. A visit is worthwhile because many Argentines are enthusiastic about the theater and the level is correspondingly high thanks to guest performances.
Buenos Aires is a prime example of urban planning in the colonial countries. The development area of the capital was already planned in 1887. In “Evaristo Carriego” writes in 1930Jorge Luis Borges on the periphery of the city and puts forward the thesis that you can only feel the time there and not in the old towns or in the country.
A checkerboard pattern of streets covers the area. When the city became the country’s capital, plans arose to combine this pattern with a second system of large diagonals. For the centenary of independence in 1916, Avenida 9 de Julio (the widest street in the world), Diagonal Norte and Diagonal Sur were built. An obelisk surrounded by the traffic of the central 15-lane Avenida is one of the most important sights for Argentines. The Avenida de Mayo(1880) connects the Plaza de Congresos with the Plaza Mayor (1580) in the historic center. The demonstrations took place there during the time of the military dictatorship. The participants who publicly requested information about the whereabouts of their kidnapped children were called “Mothers of the Plaza de Mayor”.
Buenos Aires is administratively divided into 47 districts (barrios). The residents, however, like most of the residents of the world cities, do not adhere to it and subdivide their “barrios” according to their will: La Boca is the neighborhood of the common people, in which the tango originated. Italian immigrants from Genoa were the first residents here. As in San Telmo, there are most tango schools here, the quarters are inexpensive and therefore offer artists a home.
There are many street cafes and trendy bars. La Recoleta and Barrio Norte are the upper class districts with posh shops and restaurants for discerning tastes. Abasto is the district around the former central market divided into the districts: Almagro and Balvanera. Microcentro consists of the stock exchange and the business center of Buenos Aires: Official districts are Retiro and San Nicolás.
Cordoba is the second largest city in the country and is known as the “learned” city. The city of many churches has also earned the name “ciudad de las campanas” (city of bells).
The town hall (1785), the Carmelite convent of San Teresa (1628), the viceroy’s palace (18th century) and the cathedral (1782) are all worth seeing at Plaza San Martín in the historic center. The Cabildo (1610-1784) next to the “Iglesia Catedral” now houses a museum. The Santa Teresa Monastery is a remarkable building with the façade color pink, which is unpleasant for Europeans. The church dates from 1717. The Banco Provincia de Córdoba was built in 1889. The Compañía de Jesús from 1671 was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2000.
The government district stretches along the La Cañada Canal with the Palacio de Justicia, a neoclassical monumental building from 1936, the renovated Paseo Sobremonte, a round square with a fountain and the Santo Domingo Basilica, built in 1861. Nueva Córdoba is the name of the beautiful district of the students of the Universidad Nacional de Cordoba. Built in the 19th century, the quarter is home to, for example, the Paseo de las Artes, a social housing complex in the neo-colonial style, which today houses galleries and antique shops. Sagrado Corazón, is a Capuchin church from 1929. The Palacio Ferreyra near Plaza España is worth seeing. There is also the experimental house of the Japanese architect Hiroshi Hara as part of the Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes Emilio E. Carrafa.
Mendoza is the fourth largest city in the country with around 850,000 residents. The city is located in the east of Argentina about 170 km northwest of Santiago de Chile. The city is known for its viticulture.
Rosario has around 900,000 residents, making it the third largest city in Argentina. The city is located about 280 km northwest of Buenos Aires. Rosario is known as a cultural center, especially when it comes to music.
The city also has the highest density of theaters in Argentina.
Ushuaia – located in Tierra del Fuego in southern Patagonia – is the southernmost city in the world.
The Plaza Independencia in Mendoza Plaza España The Plaza España in Mendoza
Some special buildings
In La Plata is the Casa Curruchet) from 1928, which was designed by the famous French architect Le Corbusier. The Casa Curruchet is the most famous masterpiece of modern architecture in Argentina.
Dr. Pedro Curruchet was a successful surgeon who, incidentally, had never met Le Corbusier. The solution to open the house to the street was remarkable.
Today the building belongs to the Collegio de Arquitectos de la Provincia de la Buenos Aires. And anyone who is really interested in architecture should visit it.
Boulevard 53 No. 320
Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.
Casa Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
This building in San Juan, Sarmiento Sur 21, houses a museum and a library.
San Miguel de Tucuman
Birthplace of Che Guevara
The birthplace of the world famous freedom fighter Che Guevara is located in the town of Rosario, which has a population of around 900,000.
Entre Ríos 480.
San Miguel de Tucumán Monumento a la Bandera In Rosario.
Anatomy Museum Dr. Pedro Ara
This anatomy museum
Cristóbal de Aguilar in the Teatro El Libertador
Ecclesiastic Museum Déan Funes
Monumento Nacional a la Bandera
The Monumento Nacional a la Bandera is a huge flag monument that houses the tomb of General Manuel Belgrano, who designed the Argentine national flag.
An elevator takes visitors to a viewing platform, from where there is a fantastic view of the river and the surrounding area.
Museo de Arte EspaÃ ±
ol Enrique Larreta You can find a collection of the Argentine writer Enrique Larreta: Spanish paintings, sculptures, handicrafts from the 16th and 17th centuries.
Museo de Arte Hispanoamericano
The museum shows Ibero-American colonial art
Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires (MALBA)
The museum houses a collection by Eduardo Costantini: key works of Latin American art from the 20th century
Museo de Arte Moderno:
Here the visitor will find contemporary art from Argentina and works by international artists of the 20th century.
Museo de Esculturas Luis Perlotti
The museum houses a collection by the Argentine sculptor Luis Perlotti.
Museo Histórico Provincial Dr. Julio Marc
The Museo Histórico Provincial Dr. Julio Marc offers excellent exhibitions on indigenous cultures from Argentina and all of Latin America. Julio Marc.
In addition to religious and colonial works of art, the museum has probably the world’s largest exhibition of mate utensils.
Admission is free.
Museo Municipal de Bellas Artes Dr. Genaro Pérez
Museo Obispo Salguero
National Museum of Meteorology Dr. Benjamin Gould
Paleontological Museum of the University of Cordoba
The Teatro Avenida was opened in Buenos Aires in 1908.
The Teatro Colon in Buenos Aires opened in 1857.
The Teatro Ópera in Buenos Aires opened in 1871.
The Cervantes Theater in Buenos Aires is the national theater of Argentina.
Teatro El Círculo
The Teatro El Círculo in Rosario opened in 1903.
Municipal Theater of Santa Fe
This Santa Fe theater opened in 1905.
Libertador General San Martín Theater
The Libertador General San Martín Theater in Córdoba opened in 1887.
Cathedral of St. John
The Cathedral of St. John is located in San Juan.
Santo Domingo The convent of Santo Domingo is located in San Juan.
Church of San Franciso
The Church of San Franciso San Miguel de Tucumán
Argentina has over 20 public universities as well as numerous private universities. The most important of these universities are presented below.
Universidad de Buenos Aires
The University of Buenos Aires is the largest university in Argentina with around 310,000 students. The university was founded in 1821. However, the University of Buenos Aires does not have a central campus. The respective faculties are spread across the city. The University of Buenos Aires has the following faculties:
- Literary studies
- law Sciences
- Social sciences
- Veterinary medicine
- Agricultural Sciences
Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina
The Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina was founded in 1958 and is headquartered in Buenos Aires. The Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina has the following faculties:
- Social and Economic Sciences
- law Sciences
- Political Science and International Relations
- Natural and engineering sciences
- Psychology and Education
- Agricultural Sciences
- Canon Law
- Communication, journalism and advertising
Universidad Nacional de Misiones
The National University of Misiones was founded in 1973 in Posadas. The name is derived from the province of Misiones, in which the university is located. Approximately 22,000 students are currently studying at this university. The National University of Misiones has the following faculties:
- Natural sciences
- Humanities and Social Sciences
- Forest science
Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento
The Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento currently has about 8,000 enrolled students and was founded in 1993. The Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento has the following faculties:
- Political science
- Urban planning
- Physics and engineering
Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
The National University of Córdoba was founded in Córdoba in 1613, making it the oldest university in Argentina. There are currently around 115,000 students studying at this university. This makes it the second largest in the country after the University of Buenos Aires. The National University of Cordoba has the following faculties:
- Mathematics, astronomy, physics
- Agricultural Sciences
- law Sciences
You will find an illustrated description of the numerous national parks in Argentina
National parks, Perito Moreno Glacier
Excursions to the country’s national parks should be carefully planned. Pre-registration is often necessary or at least useful:
Baritú National Park
This national park covers an area of 72,000 ha = 720 km². The park is located in the northwest of the Salta province, in the departments of Orán and Santa Victoria, on the border with Bolivia. The park, founded in 1974, serves to protect the high-altitude “cloud forests”, which have been preserved here in their original form. The dense jungle, in which the sun barely reaches the ground, is traversed by the Río Lipeo River in the north. Also from the Rio Porongal and the Rio Pescado, which flow into the Río Bermejo. Pumas, jaguars, tapirs, otters and capuchin monkeys live in the park. The park has so far been largely spared from visitors and is an Eldorado for real nature lovers.
Calilegua National Park
The park covers an area of around 75,500 ha = 775 km² and was founded in 1979. The park is located in the northwest of the country in the province of Jujuy on the eastern foothills of the Calilegua Mountains – the highest mountain in the park is 3,600 m.
The park was established for the purpose of conserving biodiversity in the region of the Yunga ecosystem.
The Yunga ecosystem is an extensive forest area from the eastern foothills of the Andes from southeastern Peru through central Bolivia.
Juguars and pumas also live in the park.
Campo de los Alisos National Park
The park covers an area of around 10,000 ha = 100 km² and was founded in 1995. The park is located in the province of Tucumán in the eastern foothills of the “Nevados del Aconquija” – the Aconquija mountain range. Its mountain peaks border the province of Catamarca, in the north between the “Las Pavas River” and in the south the “Jaya River”. Pumas and ocelots live in the park. Particularly noteworthy are the archaeological sites of the Incas called “Ruinas de la Ciudacita”, located at altitudes between 4,400 m and 5,000 m,
Los Alisos National Park
2.044, 24 de septiembre
Tel: (038) 65-416368
E-mail: losa [email protected]
Chaco National Park
The Chaco National Park covers an area of around 15,000 ha = 150 km² and was founded in 1954. The park is located in the Chaco province of the same name in the northwest, right on the border with Paraguay. The park serves, among other things, to protect the quebracho tree, a medium-high tree whose bark was previously used as a cure for malaria. It should be mentioned that the rivers of the province – such as the Bermejo River, the Río de Oro, the Guaycurú Grande, the Guaycurú Chico, the Salado River, the Negro River or the Tapenagá – all head east into the Paraná River or Paraguay River flow
Monkeys, anacondas, jaguars, crocodiles, wild boars and a number of different venomous snakes live in the park. The park is very well developed for tourism, so there are good camping facilities with sanitary facilities, cooking facilities as well as electricity and running water.
Copo National Park
The Copo National Park covers an area of around 114,250 ha = 1,142.5 km² and was founded in 1998. Dry forests and thorn bush savannas are characteristic of the park.
Of the animals that live here, the anteater, the armadillo and the jaguar should be mentioned in particular.
The park is located in the northwest of the Santiago del Estero province. The province The province lies almost entirely within the flat region of the Gran Chaco. In the few subsidence lakes had formed – for example in the vicinity of the Salado River and the Dulce River. The province’s pastureland consists largely of steppes and semi-deserts.
The climate is subtropical with dry periods and high temperatures with maximum values of up to approx. 45 °C.
El Leoncito National Park
The El Leoncito National Park covers an area of around 76,000 ha = 760 km² and was founded in 2002. The park is located in the province of San Juan on the border with Chile.
The park was established to protect one of the typical regions of high Andean bushland. The region in which the park is located is one of the driest areas in Argentina. In addition to the plants and animals, the park also protects historical, palaeontological and archaeological sites of interest, including parts of an old Inca path. the El Leoncito observatory was moved here because of the very clean air.
El Palmar National Park
The El Palmar National Park covers an area of around 8,500 ha = 85 km² and was founded in 1965. The park was established mainly to become the largest surviving Yatay forest. The national park is located in the Entre Ríos province in the northeast of the country, right on the border with Uruguay. The park has a visitor center and camping facilities.
El Rey National Park
The El Rey National Park covers an area of around 44,160 ha = 441.6 km² and was founded in 1948. the park is located approx. 190 km east of Salta. The park encompasses large parts of an almost untouched jungle. Andean deer, jaguars, pumas and tapirs live in the parl. The best time to visit the park is from April to October.
Iguazu National Park
The Iguazu River is approx. 1,320 km long, it was created by the confluence of the Iraí and Atuba not far from Curitiba. The Iguazu River flows into the Paranà River, where it forms the border between Argentina of the Missiones and Brazil, the state of Paraná. Just before the mouth of the Paranà River are the Iguaçu Falls, the widest (2,700 m) waterfalls in the world. Around 75% of the cases are on the Argentine side and only 25% on Brazilian territory. The waterfalls protect one of the last remnants of the Atlantic rainforest. About 800 different species of butterflies live in the Iguazu Falls area. As the population in this area is very poor, poaching is often done in the surrounding forests, and it is only through the use of rangers that some animal species are better protected today. The giant otter is particularly at risk, and since caiman’s skin is in great demand, they too must be protected. The sooty swifts, a species of bird that nests in rock caves behind waterfalls, live here and are protected from enemies by the waterfall. The national park was added to the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage in 1984 and is cross-border tooBrazil.
Lago Puelo National Park
The national park covers an area of around 27,675 ha = 276.75 km². The park was originally a sort of addition to Los Alerces National Park since 1937.
It was not until 1971 that it was converted into its own national park. The park is located in the northeast of the province of Chubut, about 19 km from El Bolsón – in the southwest of the country on the border with Chile. The park was established to protect the local landscape and the Valdivian rainforest. The Valdivian rainforest is a unique evergreen ecosystem that extends from the Chilean Pacific coast to the edge of the Andes chain. Visitors should be prepared for the rainy days that are frequent here, not least by wearing adequate clothing – the annual average rainfall here is over 2,400 mm. Striking for the region are the so-called southern beeches and a certain type of cypress (temparate cypress).
Laguna Blanca National Park
The Laguna Blanca National Park covers an area of around 11,250 ha = 112.5 km² and was founded in 1945 to protect and preserve the lagoon and the wetlands with the animals living there – in particular the black-necked swans. The park is located on the border with Chile at the northern end of Patagonia and is in the Neuquén province. Nearby is the Salamanca Cave, which is home to the cave paintings of people who used to live here.
Parque Nacional Laguna Blanca
Casilla de correo 216 (8.340) Zapala Neuquén,
Tel: 0029 – 42-431982, 22-51200
Laguna de los Pozuelos National Park
The park covers an area of 15,000 ha = 150 km² and essentially consists of the lake of the same name and its surroundings. Depending on the prevailing rainfall, the lake can dry up to a remaining area of about 100 hectares. The park is located in the province of Jujuy in the north near the border with Bolivia and is partly at altitudes above 3,600 m. Because of its importance for around 45 different species of waterfowl, the park is on the list of the Ramsar Convention. It should be noted that there are no supply options either in the park or in its vicinity. Visitors are also well advised to take a telescope and a bird identification book with them.
The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty on the protection of wetlands that came into force in 1975 – and serves in particular to protect the habitat of waterbirds and waders. The convention takes its name from the Iranian city of Ramsar, where the negotiations took place. LanÌn National Park The LanÌn National Park
covers an area of around 379,000 ha = 3,790 km² and was founded in 1937. It is located in the north of Patagonia on the border with Chile in the southwest of the Neuquén province and includes the eponymous volcano LanÌn and a lake of the same name. In the south it borders the Nahuel Huapi National Park. The name of the park comes from the native language Mapuche and means “dead mountain”. The park was founded to protect the existing ecosystem – especially the forests in the Andes Patagonia, in which the Pehuén, only found in Argentina, grow up to 45 m high from the pine family and the beech species Raulí and Roble Pellín.
There are 24 glacial lakes and numerous other lakes and rivers in the park, all of which flow into the Atlantic. With the exception of the rivers in the Lake Lácar basin area, which all flow into the lake. The lake has an outflow to the Pacific via the Hua Hum River. The extinct volcano LanÌn has a height of 3,776 m.
The park is open all year round.
Parque Nacional Lanín
E. Frey 749
(8.370) San Martín de los Andes Neuquén
Tel: 0029 – 72-427233, 72-429004, 72-428397, 72-427204
Lihué Calel National Park
The Lihué National Park covers an area of around 32,000 ha = 320 km² and was founded in 1977.
The park is located in the province of La Pampa in the middle of the country.
The over 600 m high, steep granite rocks are inspiring. It can be dangerous for visitors when sudden heavy rains turn streams and rivulets into torrential floods with downright spectacular waterfalls.
A series of underground watercourses provides the area with sufficient water even in dry periods. A cave with rock paintings can also be found here near the campsite.
The park is home to gray foxes, guanacos (a type of lama) and rheas – large (apex height up to 1.40 m) flightless birds that belong to the “order” of ratites.
Los Alerces National Park
The Los Alerces National Park covers an area of around 263.00 ha = 2,630 km² and was founded in 1937. The national park is located in Patagonia in the province of Chubut on the border with Chile.
The park is one of the most attractive tourist centers in Patagonia with its almost untouched forests, lakes, waterfalls, rapids as well as its Dergen, glaciers. The park takes its name from the dense cedar forests growing here, which the park was ultimately set up to protect. The local cedars reach heights of approx. 30 m, in rare cases even up to 50 m – at an age of 2,000 to 3,000 years. Some of the animals that live here include: pumas, weasels, foxes, and numerous species of birds and fish.
gray foxes, pudúes, huemules (a variety of deer), ratones-topos.
One of the most beautiful lakes in the region is Lake Futalaufquen with its silver-blue water that merges into Lake Verde over the Arrayanes River. A short path leads from here to Menéndez lake with its blue-green water. The park is very well developed for tourists with its hotels, guest houses and campsites as well as the well-developed hiking trails.
Los Arrayanes National Park
The Los Arrayanes National Park covers an area of around 1,840 ha = 18.4 km² and was founded in 1971. It is located in the Neuquén province on the border with Chile. The park covers parts of the Quetrihué peninsula in Lake Nahuel Huapi. It was also established within the Nahuel Huapi National Park, which has existed since 1934, in order to protect the Arrayán myrtle trees, which are up to 600 years old and 20 m high. There is a pretty legend about the park:
The very headstrong daughter of a native chief named Pasakana did not get permission from her father to marry her lover Kehuaillu. Therefore the lovers asked “Pachamama” – the mother earth and goddess of fertility – for help. This made him a piece of earth, which led to the fact that he – as a cactus – appeared wrapped in a green poncho, in which he hugged his lover. Whenever Pasakana wants to contemplate the beauty of the mountains without being recognized, she appears in the form of a flower
Parque Nacional Arrayanes (Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi)
San Martín 24 Casilla de correo 380
(8,400) San Carlos de Bariloche Río Negro, República Argentina
Tel: 0029 – 44-423121/423111/422734/436227
Los Cardones National Park
The Cardones National Park covers an area of around 65,520 ha = 655.2 km² and was founded in 1996. The park is located in the province of Salta, in the far northwest of the country, on the road from Salta to Cachi. The park extends from a height of 2,700 m up to approx. 5,000 m. It got its name from the candelabra cactus (Cardón), which can be up to 300 years old and up to 12 m high.
Parque Nacional Los Cardones:
Av. San Martín 4415
Payogasta – Salta – Argentina.
Tel.: 54 38 68491066.
Los Glaciares National Park
The Los Glaciares National Park covers an area of around 539,300 ha = 5,393 km² and was founded in 1937.
The national park is located in the southwestern end of the Santa Cruz province in the Argentine part of Patagonia.
The national park extends from the dry steppe to the Andes.
The national park essentially consists of three large glaciers – the Perito Moreno, the Upsala – and the Viedma glacier as well as numerous smaller glaciers.
The three large glaciers flow into Lake Argentino and Lake Viedma.
The Perito Moreno, which flows into Lake Argentino, is one of the few glaciers that is not getting smaller but actually growing. Every day its ice masses move about 1 m forward and after a few years a tributary, the Brazo Rico, is blocked by the ice masses, the level of the lake then rises in the southern part.
The collapse of this ice mass is an incredible natural spectacle. The last events took place in 2004, 2006 and 2008, when huge parts of the ice wall broke off and generated high tidal waves. But not only the glaciers are worth seeing, but also the lakes and rivers, the forests and mountains, they offer protection for animals and plants that are threatened with extinction.
Fork deer, dwarf deer, llamas and many other species live in the area. In the north of the park the mountain Fitz Roy with the height of 3,405 m and the mountain Cerro Torre with 3,128 m protrude above the surrounding mountain ranges. The national park was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981.
Perito Moreno Glacier
The Perito Moreno Glacier in the southwest of the country (Patagonia), which is one of the largest in the world, is also exciting. The glacier belongs to the Campo de Hielo Sur, a large glacier area in the Andes of South America, and it is also part of the Los Glaciares National Park, which is a Unesco World Heritage Site. The meltwater from the glacier flows into Lake Argentino.
The approx. 60 km long Perito Moreno is one of the few glaciers outside of Antarctica and Greenland that is still growing.
On its hike in the direction of the lake, part of the glacier meets a mountain slope and blocks a tributary of Lake Argentino, the Brazo Rico – about every four to ten years. As a result, the water level rises sharply in the southern part of this arm. At some point the water pressure on the blocking ice becomes so strong that this barrier collapses, which leads to an impressive natural phenomenon and attracts numerous tourists every time. Parts of the up to 60 meters high and approx. 5 km wide glacier in Lago Argentino also regularly break off, which among other things leads to high tidal waves in the lake.
Los Venados National Park
The Los Venados National Park covers an area of around 17,660 ha = 176.6 km² and was founded in 2000. The national park is in the province of San Luis. The park was set up primarily to protect the deer living here and the endangered pampas in the San Luis region.
Mburucuyá National Park
The Mburucuyá National Park covers an area of around 17,600 ha = 176 km² and was founded in 2001. The park is located in the north-west of the Corrientes province in the Iberá wetlands, around 150 km from the city of the same name. The region plays an important role in water supply and regulation (flooding) due to its influence on the regional climate. Caimans, otters and even jaguars live here.
Monte Leon National Park
The Monte Leon National Park covers an area of around 62,170 ha = 621.7 km² and was established by law in 2004 as the country’s first marine park. The park is located in the southeast of the Santa Cruz province. directly on the Atlantic.
The Monte León National Park is located, with an area of approx. 61,700 ha, in 1996 the inclusion of the park in the Argentine national park system was proposed.
In the park, visitors can encounter a number of the approx. 60,000 penguins living here. Seals also frolic in the park’s waters. Arctic foxes, guanacos and even jaguars also live here.
Information can be obtained from a park office – for example, about the respective tide (ebb and flow).
Nahuel Huapi National Park
The Nahuel Huapi National Park covers an area of around 705,000 hectares = 7,050 km² and was founded in 1934 – making it the oldest national park in Argentina. The park is located in northern Patagonia between the provinces of Neuquén and Río Negro, right on the border with Chile. In the park is the eponymous Lago (= lake) Nahuel Huapi, which covers an area of around 557 km², at a maximum depth of 460 m.
In the Nahuel Huapi National Park, the forest area of the Andes merges into the steppe and creates its own contrast between the lush green forests and the flat, gold-colored grass steppes.
The confinement of land by Perito Francisco Pascasio Moreno in 1903 formed the core of what would later become the Nahuel Huapi National Park. the area was completely covered by glaciers for millions of years to around 10,000 years ago. After the ice melted, today’s landscape formations formed. It should be mentioned that within the area of the Nahuel Huapi National Park – on the peninsula “Península de Quetrihué” – the National Park Los Arrayanes is located. Interesting is the fact that there is an excursion boat on the lake that was built in Amsterdam in 1937 and has been sailing the lake since 1938. On the ship, for example, “Che Guevara” (1928-1967) sailed to the Chilean border in the year
Otamendi National Park
The park covers an area of 3000 ha = 30 km² and is located in the province of Buenos Aires, not too far from the city of Buenos Aires of the same name. The route takes about 2 hours by car. The Otamendi National Park is part of the Parana Delta. Here the visitor will find a great variability of ecosystems. The park, which was established in 1990, is popular with residents of the capital to enjoy an ecosystem that is still in its original state. Numerous species of birds live in the local forests and savannahs, which makes it a popular place for bird lovers and watchers.
Perito Moreno National Park
The Perito Moreno National Park covers an area of around 115,000 ha = 1,150 km² and was founded in 1937. It is located in the northeast of the Santa Cruz Province in Patagonia. The park can only be reached by off-road vehicle over a long, poorly developed slope, and only around a third of the national park is open to visitors, as the rest is used for research purposes. The turquoise and emerald colored lakes, which are located in the yellow-brown steppe and therefore form their own contrast, are striking here, which are reinforced by the dark and black mountains in the area. The park was named after the Argentine geographer, anthropologist and explorer Perito Moreno (1852-1919).
Predelta National Park
The Predelta National Park covers an area of around 2,460 ha = 24.6 km² and was founded in 1992 to protect the delta of the Paraná river. The park is located in the Entre Rios province. In the water-rich park, numerous aquatic animals live on the banks and on numerous “islets”, such as otters or even caimans and of course many birds.
Quebrada del Condorito National Park
The Predelta National Park covers an area of around 37,000 ha = 370 km² and was founded in 1996. The park is located in the province of Cordoba in the middle of the country. The park is particularly suitable for hiking and mountain biking.
RÌo Pilcomayo National Park
The RÌo Pilcomayo National Park covers an area of around 47,755 ha = 477.55 km² and was founded in 1941. The park is located in the northeast of the country in the province of Formosa, right on the border with Paraguay. A part of the park (approx. 52 ha) is one of the most important (river) marshlands worldwide and has therefore been on the list of the Ramsar Convention since 1992. In addition to the animals typical of the wetlands, gray wolves and anteaters also live here. Camping is quite good in the park.
The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty on the protection of wetlands that came into force in 1975 – and serves in particular to protect the habitat of waterbirds and waders. The convention takes its name from the Iranian city of Ramsar, where the negotiations took place.
San Guillermo National Park
The San Guillermo National Park covers an area of around 160,000 ha = 1,600 km² and was founded in 1998. The park is located in the province of San Juan in the north-west of the country directly on the border with Chile and serves, among other things, to protect the “Camelidos”, an animal species similar to the lama. Pumas, guanocos (a species of llama), red foxes and condors also live in the area.
Sierra de las Quijadas National Park
The Sierra de las Quijadas National Park covers an area of around 150,000 ha = 1,500 km² and was founded in 1991. The large park is located in the northwest of the province of San Luis, near the city of the same name.
The park is known for its fossils and dinosaur remains from the Aptium – around 120 million years ago. Excavations are being carried out in the park by the University of San Luis and the American Museum of Natural History. The opportunities to hike the park are excellent, but a guide should be used as it is easy to get lost in the canyons. In addition, the frequent and heavy summer rains can cause flash floods in the canyons, which can then be life-threatening for the visitor. If you have health problems with high temperatures, you should refrain from visiting in summer (December to February), as the temperatures here can rise to 50 °C. At the entrance to the park there is a small campsite and a small shop.
Talampaya National Park
The Talampaya National Park covers an area of around 215,000 ha = 2,150 km² and was founded in 1997.
The Talampaya National Park is located in the La Rioja Province. The park consists of desert landscapes and bizarre rock formations and is characterized by an approx. 30 km long canyon system. The so-called “cathedral” is a 400 m long and 140 m high rock wall with free-standing thin rock peaks. Here you can find rock drawings (petroglyphs) on stone blocks that the Indians drew there. The paintings show images such as people, animals and geometric shapes. The paintings were created in the years 100 AD to around 1200 AD.
Tierra del Fuego National Park
The Tierra del Fuego National Park covers an area of around 63,000 ha = 630 km² and was founded in 1960 to protect the subarctic forests. The park – located in the very south of Tierra del Fuego (Tierra del Fuego), borders the Atlantic Ocean. It borders Chile to the west and the Beagle Channel to the south. In the park you will find typical glacier landscapes, mountainous regions and deep valleys washed out by rivers. On the coast, steep cliffs and small sandy beaches await the visitor, which are filled with the noise of countless birds. A special feature is the yellow Magellan Orchid blooming in late spring.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Los Glaciares National Park
The Los Glaciares National Park is located in the south-western end of the Santa Cruz Province, its area is 4,460 km².
The national park extends from the dry steppe to the Andes.
The national park essentially consists of three large glaciers, the Perito Moreno, the Upsala and the Viedma glaciers and numerous smaller glaciers.
The three large glaciers flow into Lake Argentino and Lake Viedma.
The Perito Moreno, which flows into Lake Argentino, is one of the few glaciers that is not getting smaller but actually growing. Every day its ice masses move about 1 m forward and after a few years a tributary, the Brazo Rico, is blocked by the ice masses, the level of the lake rises in the southern part. The collapse of these ice masses “the calving” is an incredible natural spectacle.
The last events took place in 2004, 2006 and 2008, when huge parts of the ice wall broke off and generated high tidal waves.
But not only the glaciers are worth seeing, but also the lakes and rivers, the forests and mountains, they offer protection for animals and plants threatened with extinction. Fork deer, dwarf deer, llamas and many other species live in the area.
In the north of the park the mountain Fitz Roy with the height of 3,405 m and the mountain Cerro Torre with 3,128 m protrude above the surrounding mountain ranges.
The national park was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981.
Iguazu National Park The Iguazu
River is approx. 1,320 km long, it was created by the confluence of the Iraí and the Atuba not far from Curitiba. The Iguazu River flows into the Paranà River, where it forms the border between Argentina of the Missiones and Brazil, the state of Paraná. Just before the mouth of the Paranà River are the Iguaçu Falls, the widest (2,700 m) waterfalls in the world. Around 75% of the cases are on the Argentine side and only 25% on Brazilian territory.
The waterfalls protect one of the last remnants of the Atlantic rainforest. About 800 different species of butterflies live in the Iguazu Falls area. Since the population in this area is very poor, poaching is often done in the surrounding forests, and it is only through the use of rangers that some animal species are better protected today.
The giant otter is particularly at risk, and since caiman’s skin is in great demand, they too must be protected.
The soot swift, a species of bird that nests in rock caves behind waterfalls, live here and are protected from enemies by the waterfall.
The national park was included in the list of UNESCO World Natural Heritage in 1984 and crosses the border with Brazil.
Four Jesuit missions of the Guaraní: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto, Santa Maria Mayor
The Jesuit reductions are settlements that were established by the Jesuits to protect against exploitation and enslavement of the Indian population in South America – here the Guaraní. The reductions are in the south of Paraguay, in the southern Chaco and in the Argentine province of Misiones
. From 1610 the Jesuits created many reductions on the Paraná river, for example the reductions San Ignacio and Loreto.
The Bandeiras, Portuguese slave hunters, attacked the reductions because the Indians there were better trained, and you could therefore get a higher price for them on the slave markets. About 60,000 Indians were abducted by the slave hunters. In 1641 the Indians were armed in the reductions and so the Indians were able to successfully repel an attack near Mboboré, after which they were spared for a long time.
The encomienda system forbade Spanish colonists from entering the reductions, and the Guaraní were not allowed to be forced into forced labor. The systems of the reductions are all designed in the same way: a church with a rectory, administration building, a meeting place and the surrounding houses of the Indians. In 1767, by order of the Spanish king, the reductions were lifted and the Jesuits were persecuted. These cross-border Jesuit reductions (Brazil and Paraguay) were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983 and expanded in 1984, 1990 and 1993.
The area of the peninsula is about 3,625 km², and it is located on the Atlantic coast in the province of Chubut. The landscape of the peninsula is very barren.
There is only one small inhabited place and numerous salt lakes. The island is under protection because of marine mammals, such as the sea lions and sea elephants that live on the banks and off the coast. Baleen whale cubs are born in the waters.
Magellanic penguins live on the coasts; they are so unafraid that you can get within a few meters of them. Despite the inhospitable climate, many animals live on the peninsula such as B. ostriches, llamas and armadillos.
The peninsula was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1999.
The approximately 6,000 km long Andean road Qhapaq Ñan connected the city of Quito in the north of the Inca Empire in today’s Ecuador with the city of Santiago in today’s Chile in the south.
The road almost always runs at an altitude of around 3.5 km. Along the road the Inca set up checkpoints, set up storage facilities and there were hostels for travelers to stay overnight.
The Inca built suspension bridges to cross ravines and rivers and cut steps in the rocks when it was necessary to get ahead.
The Andean Strait goes through six different countries, these are:
Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Chile and Peru.
The road touches the dry Maranon forest, runs through the rainforest of Chile and crosses valleys that connect the highlands of the 4,000 m high Andes and the tropical Amazon rainforest.
However, the road is threatened with disintegration, so only small parts are currently to be walked on. This includes the Sacred Valley from Cusco to Machu Picchu. In Ecuador there is the Ingapirca, an important Inca site.
It is about 50 km from the city of Azogues, and in Bolivia is Tiahuanaco – a pre-Inca ruins near the city of Tiawanacu.
The Inca-Andean Road is transnational and was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites for the countries concerned in 2014
The architectural work of Le Corbusier
On July 17, 2016, 17 works in seven countries in honor of the architectural works of Le Corbusier under the heading “An Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement” (The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement) List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites added. Therefore, this world cultural heritage is considered to be cross-border. According to UNESCO, these buildings are a testament to a new architectural language that had meant a break with the past. The award-winning structures were built over a period of around half a century.
In addition to the Curutschet house presented here, this includes the Weißenhofsiedlung in Stuttgart, plans for the new city of Chandigarh in Punschab in India, the National Museum of Western Art in Tokyo in Japan, the house of Dr. Curutchet in La Plata in Argentina, the large residential building (Unité d’habitation) in Marseille in France, the Maison Guitte in Antwerp in Belgium as well as the villa in Coreeaux on the shores of Lake Geneva (Petite Villa au bord du lac Léman) and the Villa Clarté in Geneva, Switzerland.
The Curutschet house was built between 1949 and 1953 according to plans by Le Corbusier for the surgeon Pedro Domingo Curutchet. It is located in La Plata, the capital of the Province of Buenos Aires.
The building was extensively restored between 1986 and 1988. The Buenos Aires – the professional association of architects and the Colegio de Arquitectos are currently based here.
Le Corbusier (originally: Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris) was born on October 6, 1887 in La Chaux-de-Fonds in the Swiss canton of Neuchâtel. He was a Swiss-French architect, architectural theorist, urban planner and painter and furniture designer. Le Corbusier is one of the most influential architects of the 20th century, but his works also led to fierce controversy and in some cases are still controversial today. He died on August 1965 in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin near Monaco.