Holidays and events
|January 1||New Year|
|April 19||Proclamation of independence|
|1st of May||Labor Day|
|June 24||Battle of Carabobo|
|5th July||Independence day|
|24th July||Simon Bolívar’s birthday|
|October 12||Discovery of America|
Source: Countryaah – Venezuela Holidays
In addition to the national and national festivals and public holidays, Venezuela has numerous Saints’ days due to the Roman Catholic tradition of the country, which are celebrated throughout the year. In addition, there are small festivals and parades that are well worth seeing, especially in rural areas.
At many festivals one can hear Venezuela’s traditional musical instrument, the cuatro. This is a four-sided guitar, as the name cuatro (German four) suggests.
The ideas of what is meant by a particularly favorable travel climate depend on a number of factors. Pure cultural travelers certainly see the climate differently than people who want to spend a pure beach holiday, for example. The state of health or age can also play an important role. Venezuela has a tropical climate, which means that it is consistently warm all year round. If you want to enjoy the sun, visit the rainforest or do a lot of hiking, the dry season is recommended: December to April. In the rainforest area it rains all year round, the coastal area is less affected. However, flooding can occur during the rainy season.
The following table shows a range of climate data for the country. It should be noted, however, that the climatic conditions in different regions of the country can differ considerably from one another and thus also from the values shown. In addition, such monthly temperature averages say little about the possible current minimum or maximum temperatures. It is not uncommon for average temperatures of around 30 °C to reach maximum values of 40 °C or even more on a number of days. The table therefore only provides a general overview of the climatic conditions in Venezuela.
|Month||Average number of rainy days||Mean maximum temperatures in (°C)||Mean minimum temperatures in (°C)|
|January||03 – 04||24||12|
|February||02 – 03||25||13|
|March||01 – 03||26||14|
|April||02 – 04||27||16|
|May||08 – 09||27||16|
- Abbreviationfinder.org: Presents the way that VZ stands for the nation of Venezuela as a two-letter acronym.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Historic center and port of Coro
The city of Coro was founded in 1527, making it one of the oldest cities in Venezuela. Coro also became the first bishopric in South America in 1531. Many buildings made of clay bricks, which were built in the old colonial style during the Wilhelminian era, can be visited. The streets there are laid out like a chessboard. The port “La Vela del Coro”, about 12 km away, has been able to maintain its original shape to this day.
The historic center and port of Coro were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1993.
Canaima National Park
The Canaima National Park is located in the Gran Sabana, in the southeast of the country. In the south the park borders on Brazil and Guyana. The area of the park is around 30,000 km². The park is a highland with valleys. It has table mountains made of sandstone, the tepuis. You will find a unique flora and fauna there. There are many endemic (only found here) species of plants and animals. There are also waterfalls in the park. z. B. the Salto Angel, which falls 979 m into the valley, or the Salto Kukenam.
The national park was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994.
City of Caracas The university is located in the middle of the city and is a “city within the city”. With this complex, the architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva Hut achieved a brilliant achievement in urban planning in the middle of the 20th century – by combining art and architecture in the most splendid way. The facility has an area of around 2 km² and comprises forty buildings. The university city of Caracas was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2000.
The city, the historical structure of which was largely destroyed by earthquakes, is one of the most modern cities in South America. The university quarter “Ciudad Universitaria” was largely planned by the architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva and contains buildings with important works of art by artists such as Hans Arp, Miquel Arroyo or Alexander Calder. Villanueva’s modern and climate-favored open architecture was based on the political-utopian ideas of the sixties, the concepts of which have unfortunately been overtaken by social developments. A comprehensive representation of the city can be found here >>>
Ciudad Bolívar is the capital of the state of Bolívar – with a population of around 340,000. The city was founded in 1764 under the name Angostura and then renamed Ciudad Bolivar in 1846 in honor of the freedom fighter Simón Bolivar
About 63 kilometers east of Caracas, at an altitude of 2,000 m, a picturesque village nestles against the hills that one would not have expected here. German settlers from the Black Forest built a village of half-timbered houses based on the German model here in the 19th century. Largely isolated from the outside world, they preserved the language and traditions of their homeland. Today, their descendants offer the numerous tourists pottery, carvings, German sausages and beer. The visitor can stay in the “Hotel Selva Negra” (Hotel Black Forest) or the “Hotel Freiburg”.
The city of Coro was founded in 1527 and is the second oldest city in the country. Under the catfish it was the capital of the province of Venezuela and afterwards it was forgotten and insignificant. But it regained importance through smuggling in the 18th century. Numerous colonial buildings bear witness to this time. Coro was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1993.
Fifteen kilometers from the city center of the Venezuelan capital Caracas is the small town with colorful, colonial-era buildings. Around the “Plaza Bolívar” bars and restaurants invite you to linger and handicrafts are offered in the small streets. Although right at the gates of the city, there is none of its noise, exhaust fumes and hectic pace.
Streets, neighborhoods, squares
Plaza Bolívar, Caracas
Even in colonial times, the square in honor of the Venezuelan independence fighter and national hero was the political, economic and cultural center of the city. Simón Bolivar equestrian statue fiercely looks at the cathedral, the archbishop’s palace, the “Consejo Municipal” (the town hall), the “Capitolio Nacional” (in which important Venezuelans are buried), the “Gobernación” (the seat of the government of the district) and The “Casa Amarilla” (in the “yellow house” is the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) that surround the square. This is the best place to explore colonial Caracas.
Parque Central, Caracas
The area is called “Park”, but it is anything but green. It consists of dozens of high-rise buildings with up to 44 floors. The modern architecture, however, is impressive.
Consejo Municipal, Caracas
The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence was written in the town hall, which was badly damaged in an earthquake in 1641. The building has been used by the city government since 1870.
Universidad Central de Venezuela (UCV), Caracas
The university complex was built by Carlos Raúl between 1945 and 1957 and is an architectural role model in Venezuela. A detailed description can be found under 20th Century Architecture. Century. Century. and 21st century
Palacio Arzobispal, Caracas
The Archbishop’s Palace, built in 1637, survived the numerous earthquakes unscathed. The archbishop has resided there since 1803.
Casa Natal, Caracas
The house where Simón Bolívar was born brings back the time of his work. In addition to family portraits and colonial furniture, pictures by the Venezuelan artist Tito Salas are on display.
Avenida Universidad, Esquina Sociedad, Centro
Galería de Arte Nacional, Caracas
The permanent exhibition contains more than 6,000 Venezuelan works of art from pre-Hispanic times, the colonial times and the 19th and 20th centuries. Next to the museum is the “Cinemateca Nacional”, the national film archive, in the building.
Plaza de los Museos, Los Caobos
Museo de Arte Colonial Quinta de Anauco, Caracas
In the former coffee hacienda there are furniture and works of art from the colonial era. The exhibits and the building give an impression of life in the colonial era in Caracas.
Avenida Panteón, Sector Los Erasos, San Bernardino
Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Caracas Sofía Imber, Caracas
The museum complex is huge. More than 3,000 works by various Venezuelan and international artists are shown on 16,000 square meters. You can see works by Matisse, Chagall, Miró, Picasso, Botero and Rodin, among others.
Zona Cultural de Parque Central, Bellas Artes
Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas </ strong>
The museum houses national and international works of art from several centuries.
Plaza de los Museos, Parque los Caobos
Museo de Ciencias, Caracas
The Science Museum is the oldest in the city. It has an archaeological, an ethnological, an anthropological and a mineralogical part. Due to the versatility of the exhibits and the multimedia presentation, it is also interesting for children.
Plaza de los Museos, Parque Los Caobos
Museo de los Niños, Caracas
The Children’s Museum is an educational center where children can learn through play. There are areas about physics, biology, astronomy, communication and art.
Avenida Bolívar, Parque Central, Edificio Tacagua
Museo de Transporte, Caracas
The museum shows the history of transport in Venezuela with a variety of exhibits (cars, trains, airplanes).
Franzcisco Avenida de Miranda
Sector Santa Cecilia
Museo Sacro, Caracas
The museum is located where the cathedral cemetery used to be. In addition to human remains from several centuries, a rich collection of sacred art from the colonial era is on display.
Plaza Bolívar, de La Torre a Gradillas
Opera and theater
Ateneo de Caracas, Caracas
The building houses one of the most important theaters in the country, a cinema, a gallery and a library.
Plaza Morelos, Los Caobos
Teatro Nacional, Caracas
The national theater was built in the early 20th century. Century. Century. Century. For the cultural life of Caracas it is of great importance due to national and international productions.
Esquina Los Cipreses, Avenida Vicente Lecuna – Este 10 and Avenida Sur, El silencio
Teatro Teresa Carreño (TTC), Caracas
In the cultural complex with extraordinary architecture is the most important theater in Venezuela, in which operas and concerts take place. The Venezuelan Symphony Orchestra has its permanent headquarters here.
Final Paseo Colón, Los Caobos
Poliedro de Caracas, Caracas
Concerts and major events take place here.
Churches and mosques
The cathedral has been destroyed by earthquakes several times over the centuries and has been rebuilt in various styles. Inside is a collection of religious works of art, including “The Resurrection of Christ” by Rubens. In a side chapel are the bones of the wife Simón Bolivar and his parents.
Santa Capilla, Caracas
On the site of the church from 1812 stood the city’s first chapel, which may have been commissioned by the city’s founder, Diego de Losada himself. Destroyed several times by earthquakes, the church got its present appearance in 1921.
Iglesia San Francisco, Caracas
The church was built between 1745 and 1887 next to a Franciscan monastery and is one of the most outstanding examples of colonial architecture in Caracas. It is part of the national cultural heritage.
Basilica de Santa Teresa, Caracas
The church, which combines different styles, was declared a National Heritage Site in 1959. Mezquita Ibrahim Al-Ibrahim, Caracas The mosque, the minaret of which rises 113 meters in height, is the second largest in Latin America. There is room for 3500 worshipers under your dome. Calle Real de Quebrada Honda. Los Caobos
Universidad Central de Venezuela (UCV)
The university complex was built by Carlos Raúl between 1945 and 1957 and serves as an architectural role model in Venezuela. The Central University of Venezuela was founded in 1721, making it the oldest university in the country. Approximately 60,000 students are currently enrolled at the university. The university has the following faculties:
- Agricultural Sciences
- law Sciences
- Political science
- Social sciences
- Natural sciences
- Veterinary medicine
Universidad Bolivariana de Venezuela (UBV)
The Bolivarian University of Venezuela was founded in 2003 and is therefore an extremely young university. The aim is to increase educational opportunities for poor sections of the population. Due to the admission requirements, approx. 180,000 students are currently studying at the university, which has the following faculties:
- Communication science
- Environmental resource management
- Social management of local development
- Public Health Management
- Information technology for social management
- law Sciences
- Political science
Universidad de Los Andes
The University of the Andes was founded in Mérida in 1810. At the moment approx. 40,000 students study at this university.
Natural beauties, parks
These waterfalls are among the highest in the world with a drop of 978 m.
Beaches on the island of Margarita
On the island you will find wonderful sandy beaches that are ideal for sunbathing, swimming or snorkeling.
Jardín Botánico, Caracas
The botanical garden belongs to the University “Central” and shows a variety of different plants.
Parque del Este, Caracas
A small zoo, picnic areas, playgrounds; Tze, walking paths, jogging paths, a lagoon with pedal boat rental, the Humboldt Planetarium and a pavilion for concerts make the spacious park a popular destination for the “Caraqueños”.
Parque Los Chorros, Caracas
waterfalls, a stream and tropical trees create a feeling of rainforest.
Parque Los Caobos, Caracas
The park with mahogany trees and the “La Fuente Venezuela” fountain is located in the geographical center of the city. It is popular with families, joggers and athletes.
Parque Nacional El Avila, Caracas
The national park extends over a length of 88 km on the ridge of the Avila, which separates Caracas from the Caribbean. Several viewpoints offer an impressive panorama of the city. Due to the size, the height differences and the fascinating views, you can also hike extensively here.
Parque Zoológico Caricuao, Caracas
In addition to large American and African animals, many smaller animals roam freely between the visitors.
Venezuela: national parks
Venezuela has a rich flora and fauna. 280 different species of mammals and around 1,000 species of birds live here – flamingos, hummingbirds, condors, parrots, pelicans, herons and toucans. Among the mammals, especially noteworthy are anteaters, armadillos, jaguars, ocelots and pumas. You can also find gekkos, caimans, crocodiles, iguanas and a large number of snakes here. Meanwhile, around 15% of Venezuela’s area has been designated as national parks, natural monuments or other ecologically protected areas. The country’s first national park was established in 1937 and named after the Swiss biologist and naturalist Henri Pittier (1857-1950). The rainy season here lasts from April to November and the dry season from December to March.here >>>
|Name of the park||State||Name of the park||State|
|Cerro Copey||Nueva Esparta||Cerro Yapacana||Amazon|
|Cerro Saroche||Lara||Chorro El Indio||Tachira|
|Cienagas del Catatumbo||Zulia||Cinaruco-Capanaparo||Apure|
|Cueva Qda. del Toro||Falcon||Delta de Orinoco||Delta Amacuor and Bolívar|
|Dinira||Lara, Trujillo, Portuguesa||Duida Marahuaca||Amazon|
|El Avila||Distrito Federal and Miranda||El Guacharo||Monagas|
|Guache||Lara and Portuguesa||Guatopo||Miranda and Guar|
|Guramacal||Trujillo and Portuguesa||Los Roques||Federal District|
|Yurubí||Yaracuy||Laguna de la Restinga||Nueva Esparta|
|Laguna de Tacarigua||Miranda||Macarao||Distrito Federal and Miranda|
|Medanos de Coro||Falcon||Mochima||Sucre and Anzuátegui|
|Paramos Batallon y La Negra||Mérida and Táchira||Peninsula de Paria||Sucre|
|Henri Pittier||Aragua and Carabobo||Rio Viejo||Apure|
|San Esteban||Carabobo||Serrania de la neblina||Amazon|
|Sierra de Perija||Zulia||Sierra la Culata||Mérida and Trujillo|
|Sierre Nevada||Mérida and Barinas||Sierra San Luis||Falcon|
|Tama||Tachira||Tapo Caparo||Mérida, and Táchira Barinas|
|Terepaima||Lara and Portuguesa||Tirgua||Cojedes and Yaracuy|